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1 Patterson was a Breckinridge Democrat of the extreme pro-Slavery type — of that type whose views were expressed by The Pennsylvanian--(see page 428). When, on the reception of the tidings of Fort Sumter's surrender, a great popular uprising took place in Philadelphia, as in other cities, and immense crowds paraded the streets, demanding that the flag of the Union should be everywhere displayed, Gen. Patterson's was one of the mansions at which this public exaction of an avowal of sympathy with the outraged symbol of our Union was longest and most sturdily resisted.
2 W. H. Russell, writing from Washington to The London Times on the 19th, two days before the battle — doubtless obtaining his information from authentic sources — thus states the disposition of our forces at that moment:
|Under McDowell, at Fairfax and Centerville||30,000|
|Under Patterson, on the Shenandoah||22,000|
|Under Mansfield, in and about Washington||16,000|
|Under Butler, at and near Fortress Monroe||11,000|
|Under Banks, in and near Baltimore||7,400|
3 Mr. Julius Bing, a German by birth but British by naturalization, who was on the battlefield as a spectator, and was there taken prisoner, and conducted next morning to Beauregard's Headquarters, whence he was sent to Richmond, and who seems to have had the faculty of making himself agreeable to either side, stated, after his return, that among the men he met at Beauregard's Headquarters, at the Junction, was Col. Jordan, formerly of our War Department, who boasted that he had received,
Before the attack at Bull Run, a cipher dispatch from some well-informed person within our lines, giving full details of our movements, including the particulars of the plan of battle, the time at which operations would commence, and the number of our troops.
4 A correspondent of The New York Tribune, in his account of the battle, says:
A remarkable fact to be considered is, that the enemy seemed perfectly acquainted with our plans. The feint of Col. Richardson availed nothing, since the Rebel force had nearly all been withdrawn from that position. Our combined attack was thoroughly met, and at the very points where partial surprises had been anticipated.
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