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[597] killed, wounded, and taken prisoners.1 Col. Dougherty, of the 22d Illinois, was severely wounded and taken prisoner. Col. Lauman, of the 7th Iowa, and Maj. McClurken, of the 30th Illinois, were also badly wounded; while among the killed were Lieut. Col. Wentz, of the 7th Iowa, Capts. Brolaski, Markle, and Lieut. Dougherty. Gens. Grant and McClernand, who evinced the most reckless bravery throughout, each had his horse shot under him. The 22d Illinois lost 23 killed and 74 wounded, including Capts. Challenor and Abbott, who were taken prisoners. The 7th Iowa lost 26 killed and 80 wounded, including nearly all its field officers.2 The entire Rebel loss3 was from 600 to 1,000; among them, Col. John V. Wright,4 of the 13th Tennessee, and Maj. Butler, of the 11th Louisiana, killed.

It is morally certain that the Rebel loss in this action was the greater; yet, for lack of proper combinations, and because of the fact that, of the 10,000 men we might and should have had in the action, less than 4,000 were actually present, the prestige of victory inured to the Rebels, who chased our weary men to their boats, and fired at them, as they, having cut their cables in their haste, steamed up the river. When our gunboats, gaining a proper distance from the shore, obtained the range of the exulting Rebels on the bank, the latter promptly desisted and retired.

1 Gen. Grant, in his official report, dated Cairo, Nov. 12th, says:

Our loss was about 84 killed, 150 wounded--many of them slightly — and about an equal number missing.

A letter preserved in The Rebellion Record, dated Camp McClernand, Cairo, Nov. 8th, says:

The Memphis returned at midnight. The expedition that went down upon her with flags of truce report the whole number of our dead, found and buried by them upon the battle-field, at 85. This includes all. The Rebels acknowledge their loss to be 350 killed.

A private in Taylor's battery writes:

After we got out into the river, and in range, we opened with three of our guns, together with the gunboats: and the way we dropped the shell among them was a caution. The firing did not cease till sundown.

This private sums up the battle as follows:

To recapitulate: We had about 4,000 men; attacked about 3,000 at Belmont, and drove them from the field; when they were reenforced by 4,000 from above and 3,000 below, together with cavalry and four batteries from Columbus, and their heavy guns from the bluffs opposite playing down upon our men all the time; they could look right down on the battle from the shore, where Pillow was said to be in command.

The Memphis Avalanche's (Rebel) account of the battle says:

We have 91 prisoners and over 100 of their wounded in our hands.

2 Capt. Foote's official report of the participation of his gunboats in this affair, states the loss of those gunboats at 1 killed and 2 wounded; and, with regard to the general result, says:

My opinion is, after careful inquiry, as stragglers are still coming in, that our loss of killed, wounded, and missing, will amount to 500 persons, together with 25 baggage wagons, 100 horses, 1,000 overcoats, and 1,000 blankets.

3 Pollard, with unusual candor, says:

The list of our [Rebel] killed, wounded, and missing, numbers 632.

A Rebel account of the battle by an eye-witness, printed in The Memphis Appeal, gives the official loss in four regiments at 364, and says the loss in the others has not been announced; but if in the same ratio, it must have been over a thousand. And yet The Memphis Avalanche bulletin says:

Capt. John Morgan estimates the loss of our entire army at about 100 killed, and less than 200 wounded.

4 Col. Wright had for some years been a Democratic member of Congress, and an intimate friend, as well as compatriot, of Hon. Philip B. Fouke, a Democratic member from Tennessee. When they parted, at the close of the session of 1860-61, Wright said to his friend: “Phil., I expect the next time we meet, it will be on the battle-field.” Sure enough, their next meeting was in this bloody struggle, where Wright fell mortally wounded, and 60 of his men were taken prisoners by Col. Fouke's regiment.

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