westward to Wheeling, Virginia
, where, during the next four years, he learned the trade of a saddler, and gained an insight into the cruelties and villainies of slaveholding — Wheeling
being at that time a great thoroughfare for negro-traders and their prey on their route from Maryland
to the lower Mississippi
Before he made Wheeling
his home, he had spent some time at Mount Pleasant, Ohio
, whither he returned after learning his trade, and remained there two years, during which he married a young woman of like spirit to his own. He then, after a long visit to his father in New Jersey
, settled at St. Clairsville, Ohio
, near Wheeling
, and opened a shop, by which in four years he made about three thousand dollars above his expenses, and, with a loving wife and two children, was as happy and contented with his lot as any man need be.
But the impression made on his mind by his experiences of Slavery in Wheeling
could not be shaken off nor resisted.
In the year 1815, when twenty-six years of age, he organized an anti-Slavery association known as the “Union humane Society,” whereof the first meeting was held at his own house, and consisted of but five or six persons.
Within a few months, its numbers were swelled to four or five hundred, and included the best and most prominent citizens of Belmont
and the adjacent counties.
wrote an appeal to philanthropists on the subject of Slavery, which was first printed on the 4th of January, 1816, being his twenty-seventh birthday.
Short and simple as it was, it contained the germ of the entire anti-Slavery movement.
A weekly journal entitled The Philanthropist
was soon after started at Mount Pleasant
by Charles Osborne
; and Lundy
, at the editor's invitation, contributed to its columns, mainly by selections.
In a few months, he was urged by Osborne
to join him in the newspaper enterprise, and finally consented to do so, removing to Mount Pleasant
Meantime, he made a voyage to St. Louis
in a flat-boat to dispose of his stock of saddlery.
Arriving at that city in the fall of 1819, when the whole region was convulsed by the Missouri Question
, he was impelled to write on the side there unpopular in the journals of the day. His speculation proved unfortunate — the whole West
, and, indeed, the whole country, being then involved in a commercial convulsion, with trade stagnant and almost every one bankrupt.
He returned to his home on foot during the ensuing winter, having been absent nearly two years, and lost all he was worth.
, tired of his thankless and profitless vocation, had sold out his establishment, and it had been removed to Jonesborough, Tennessee
, where his newspaper took the title of The Emancipator
removed, as he had purposed, to Mount Pleasant
, and there started, in January, 1821, a monthly entitled The Genius of Universal Emancipation
. the commenced it with six subscribers; himself ignorant of printing and without materials; having his work done at Steubenville
, twenty miles distant; traveling thither frequently on foot, and returning with his edition on his back.
Four months later, he had a very considerable subscription list.
About this time, Elihu Embree
, who had started The Emancipator