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[240] approved August 6, 1861; and that the said act be published at length with this order. Your obedient servant,


In view of the sailing from Fortress Monroe of the Port Royal expedition against the Sea Islands and coast of South Carolina, General Instructions were issued1 to its military chief, whereof the gist is as follows:

You will, in general, avail yourself of the services of any persons, whether fugitives from labor or not, who may offer them to the National Government; you will employ such persons in such service as they may be fitted for, either as ordinary employes, or, if special circumstances seem to require it, in any other capacity, with such organization, in squads, companies, or otherwise, as you deem most beneficial to the service. This, however, not to mean a general arming of them for military service.2 You will assure all loyal masters that Congress will provide just compensation to them for the loss of the services of the persons so employed. It is believed that the course thus indicated will best secure the substantial rights of loyal masters, and the benefits to the United States of the services of all disposed to support the Government, while it avoids all interference with the social systems or local institutions of every State, beyond that which insurrection makes unavoidable, and which a restoration of peaceful relations to the Union, under the Constitution, will immediately remove.

Simon Cameron, Secretary of War.

Gen. T. W. Sherman,3 having occupied the forts guarding the entrance to Port Royal, and firmly established himself on that and the adjacent islands, issued a proclamation to the people of South Carolina, wherein he said:

In obedience to the orders of the President of these United States of America, I have landed on your stores with a small force of National troops. Tile dictates of a duty which, under the Constitution, I owe to a great sovereign State, and to a proud and hospitable people, among whom I have passed some of the pleasantest days of my life, prompt me to proclaim that we lave come among you with no feelings of personal animosity; no desire to harm your citizens, destroy your property, or interfero with any of your lawful rights, or your social and local institutions, beyond what the causes herein briefly alluded to may render unavoidable

All in vain. None of the Whites on the adjacent mainland could be induced even to accept a copy of this document — those who were brought to parley insisting that there were no “loyal persons” (in Gen. Sherman's sense)--that is, no loyal Whlites — within their knowledge. And no South Carolina journal intimated that Gen. Sherman's virtual pledge not to intermeddle with Slavery rendered his presence on their coast one whit less unwelcome than it would otherwise have been. If any White native of South Carolina came over to us, or evinced a desire to do so, thenceforth till near the end of the Rebellion, his name has not been given to the public.

Maj.-Gen. Wool, who succeeded Gen. Butler in command at Fortress Monroe, issued4 an order directing that “all colored persons called contrabands” employed by officers or others within his command, must be furnished with subsistence by their employers, and paid, if males, not less than $8 ; if females, not less than $4 per monthly; and that “all ablebodied colored persons, not employed as aforesaid,” will be immediately put to work in the Engineer's or the Quartermaster's Department. By a subsequent order,5 he directed that the compensation of ‘contrabands’ working for the Government should be $5 to $10 per month, with soldiers' rations.

1 Oct. 14, 1861.

2 It is well understood that this sentence was inserted by the President in revising the order.

3 Not William T., who became so famous, but an old army officer, formerly 5th Artillery.

4 oct. 14, 1861.

5 Nov. 1, 1861.

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