In view of the sailing from Fortress Monroe
of the Port Royal expedition
against the Sea
Islands and coast of South Carolina
, General Instructions
to its military chief, whereof the gist is as follows:
Gen. T. W. Sherman
having occupied the forts guarding the entrance to Port Royal
, and firmly established himself on that and the adjacent islands, issued a proclamation to the people of South Carolina
, wherein he said:
In obedience to the orders of the President of these United States of America, I have landed on your stores with a small force of National troops.
Tile dictates of a duty which, under the Constitution, I owe to a great sovereign State, and to a proud and hospitable people, among whom I have passed some of the pleasantest days of my life, prompt me to proclaim that we lave come among you with no feelings of personal animosity; no desire to harm your citizens, destroy your property, or interfero with any of your lawful rights, or your social and local institutions, beyond what the causes herein briefly alluded to may render unavoidable
All in vain.
None of the Whites on the adjacent mainland could be induced even to accept a copy of this document — those who were brought to parley insisting that there were no
“loyal persons” (in Gen. Sherman
's sense)--that is, no loyal Whlites — within their knowledge.
And no South Carolina
journal intimated that Gen. Sherman
's virtual pledge not to intermeddle with Slavery rendered his presence on their coast one whit less unwelcome than it would otherwise have been.
If any White
native of South Carolina
came over to us, or evinced a desire to do so, thenceforth till near the end of the Rebellion
, his name has not been given to the public.
, who succeeded Gen. Butler
in command at Fortress Monroe
an order directing that “all colored persons called contrabands” employed by officers or others within his command, must be furnished with subsistence by their employers, and paid, if males, not less than $8 ; if females, not less than $4 per monthly; and that “all ablebodied colored persons, not employed as aforesaid,” will be immediately put to work in the Engineer
's or the Quartermaster's Department.
By a subsequent order,5
he directed that the compensation of ‘contrabands’ working for the Government
should be $5 to $10 per month, with soldiers' rations.