it would not be better to exclude negroes altogether from the lines.
The General is of the opinion that they bring much valuable information, which can not be obtained from any other source.
They are acquainted with all the roads, paths, fords, and other natural features, of the country: and they make excellent guides.
They also know, and frequently have exposed, the haunts of Secession spies and traitors and the existence of Rebel organizations.
They will not, therefore, be excluded.
The following order was issued by a Brigadier in the Department of the Gulf:
Col. Halbert E. Paine
4th Wisconsin, declining to obey this order, as “a violation of law for the purpose of returning fugitives to Rebels,” was arrested and deprived of his command.
Lt.-Col. D. R. Anthony
, 7th Kansas, was likewise arrested and deprived of his command in Tennessee
, for issuing2
an order, which said:
The impudence and impertinence of the open and earned Rebels, traitors, Secessionists, and Southern-rights men of this section of the State of Tennessee, in arrogantly demanding the right to search our camp for fugitive slaves, has become a nuisance, and will no longer be tolerated.
Officers will see that this class of men, who visit our camp for this purpose, are excluded from our lines.
Should any such person be found within our lines, he will be arrested and sent to headquarters.
Any officer or soldier of this command, who shall arrest and deliver to his master a fugitive slave, shall be summarily and severely punished, according to the laws relative to such crimes.
Maj.-Gen. David Hunter
, having succeeded3
to command at Hilton Head
, issued the following:
This order was rescinded or annulled by President Lincoln
, in a Proclamation4
which recites it and proceeds: