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[254] probable the assumption that its appearance was somewhat delayed, awaiting the issue of the struggle in Maryland, which terminated with the battle of Antietam.1

Whether the open adhesion of the President at last to the policy of Emancipation did or did not contribute to the general defeat of his supporters in the State Elections which soon followed, is still fairly disputable. By those elections, Horatio Seymour was made Governor of New York and Joel Parker of New Jersey: supplanting Governors Morgan and Olden; while Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, also gave Opposition majorities; and Michigan, Wisconsin, and most other Western States, showed a decided falling off in Administration strength. The general result of those elections is summed up in the following table:

1860--President. 1862--Gov. Or Congress.
States. Lincoln. All others. Admin. Opp.
New York 362,646 312,510 295,897 306,649
New Jersey 58,324 62,801 46,710 61,307
Pennsylvania 268,030 208,412 215,616 219,140
Ohio 231,610 210,831 178,755 184,332
Indiana 13<*>,033 133,110 118,517 128,160
Illinois 172,161 169,215 120,116 136,662
Michigan 88,480 66,267 68,716 62,102
Wisconsin 86,11<*> 66,070 66,801 67,985
Iowa 70,409 57,922 266,014 50,898
Minnesota 22,069 12,668 15,754 11,442
10 States 1,498,872 1,290,806 1,192,896 1,228,677
1860--Lincoln's maj--208,066. 1862--Opp. maj.--35,781.

The Representatives in Congress chosen from these States were politically classified as follows:

  1860. 1862.
  Repub. Dem. Admin. Opp.
New York 23 10 14 17
New Jersey 2 3 1 4
Pennsylvania 18 7 12 12
Ohio 13 8 5 14
Indiana 7 4 4 7
Illinois 4 5 5 9
Michigan 4 0 5 1
Wisconsin 3 0 3 3
Iowa 2 0 6 0
Minnesota 2 0 2 0
Total, 10 States 78 37 57 67
1860--Lincoln maj.--41. 1862--Opposition maj., 10.

note.--A new apportionment under the Census of 1860 changed materially, between 1860 and 1862, the number of Representatives from several of the States.

There were some counterbalancing changes in the States of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, as also in that of California, where the larger share of the Douglas vote of 1860 was in 1862 cast for the Union tickets; but it was clear, at the close of the State Elections of that year, that the general ill success of the War for the Union, the wide-spread and increasing repugnance to Conscription, Taxation, a depreciated Currency, and high-priced Fabrics, were arraying Public Sentiment against the further prosecution of the contest. Of course, the Opposition inveighed against the management of the War and of the Finances, the treatment of Gen. McClellan, and the general inefficiency and incapacity of the Administration ; but the strength of that Opposition inhered in popular repugnance to the sacrifices; exacted by and the perils involved in a prosecution of the struggle, though its most general and taking clamor deprecated only “The perversion of the War for the Union into a War for the Negro.” Ignoring the soldiers battling for the Union--of whom at least three-fourths voted Republican at least three-fourths voted Republican at each election wherein they were allowed to vote at all; but who had not yet been enabled to vote in the field, while their absence created a chasm in the Administration vote at home — it is quite probable that, had a popular election been held at any time during the year following the Fourth of July, 1862, on the question of continuing the War or arresting it on the best attainable terms, a majority would have voted for Peace; while it is highly probable

1 Fought Sept. 17th--Proclamation of Freedom, dated 22d.

2 Soldiers' vote: Admn., 14,874; Opp., 4,115. Wisconsin Soldiers' Vote: Admn., 8,373; Opp., 2,046. No other States had yet authorized their soldiers in the field to vote.

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