a more comprehensive measure; contemplating the gradual extinguishment, at the National
cost, of Slavery in all the Border Slave States
, and moved its reference to a Select Committee of nine. Mr. Mallory
, of Ky.
, moved that this proposition do lie on the table; which failed: Yeas 51; Nays 68; and it there prevailed: Yeas 67; Nays 52.
The Committee having been appointed,2 Mr. White
there — from a bill offering $300 per head from tile Treasury for the legal emancipation of the slave of Delaware
, and Missouri
, or either of them.
The bill was committed, but not acted on; having been reported too near the close of the Session.
Next winter, Mr. Henderson
in the Senate, and Mr. Noell
in the House
submitted bills of similar tenor, providing for compensated emancipation in Missouri
Each encountered a bitter opposition from the Democratic
and most of the Border-State Members
; but Mr. Noell
's finally passed6
— Yeas 73; Nays 45.
The Senate acted on Mr. Henderson
's bill, which provided only for very Gradual Emancipation — he declaring that if Congress should offer his State $10,000,000 for an act of Immediate Abolition, he would oppose its acceptance.
The Senate debated hotly and tediously the rival advantages of Immediate and Gradual Emancipation: the Democrats opposing both, but inclining the scale in favor of the latter; which prevailed-26 to 11-and in this shape the bill passed:7
Yeas 23; Nays 18.
On reaching the House
, it was referred — Yeas 81; Nays 51-to the Select Committee
aforesaid; which was only enabled to perfect it on the last8
day of the session; when the House
refused-Yeas 63; Nays 57-to suspend the rules in favor of its immediate consideration, which required a vote of two-thirds.
So perished the last effort to compensate the loyal States for the Emancipation of their Slaves — the Democrats and all the Border-State members who were not friends of the Administration unanimously resisting it in every shape and to the extent of their power.
We have seen9
that the XXXVIth Congress
, after it had become Republican through the withdrawal of the representatives of the Gulf
States, organized the new Territories
, and Dakotah, by acts which maintained a profound silence with regard to Slavery.
The hope of thus winning a portion of the slaveholding interest to active loyalty in the approaching struggle having been disappointed, Mr. Arnold
, of. Ill.
to the next House a bill abolishing and prohibiting Slavery in every Territory of the Union
; which Mr. Lovejoy
, of Ill.
, duly reported11
and pressed to a vote; ultimately modifying the bill so as to read as follows: