of his men; the residue escaping and giving the alarm at the Springs
; whence Col. Harlan
's brigade arrived just in time to throw a few shells after the escaping Rebels, scaring them from some of their plunder and taking a few prisoners.
's men were first hurried to Murfreesboroa, stripped by the way of their blankets and over-coats, and thence marched directly up to our lines to be there exchanged — contrary to the cartel agreed on by the military chiefs of the belligerents.
exchanged them; but gave notice that he would do so no more.
In the Hartsville disgrace, sone 150 on either side were killed or wounded1
Two days later, Wheeler
, with a large force of mounted infantry and cavalry, attacked a brigade of our infantry, under Col. Stanley Matthews
, which was foraging between the two armies; but was received with determined spirit, and driven off, with a loss of 100 to our 40.
returned in triumph, bringing in his train ; and was publicly thanked by Rosecrans
, having received and distributed among his best horsemen some 2,000 revolving rifles, resolved to test their efficiency.
Pushing down the turnpike leading to Franklin
, he rode into2
that town, driving the Rebel
vedettes before him, taking a few prisoners, gaining important intelligence, and returning to his camp in triumph.
At length-two months provisions having been accumulated at Nashville
, and a good part of the Rebel
cavalry having been dispatched to West Tennessee
and to Kentucky
, to operate on our lines of supply--. Rosecrans
determined to advance.
His disposable force had been reduced by details and by casualties to 46,910 men : of whom 41,421 were infantry, 2,223 artillery, and 3,266 cavalry-much of the cavalry very raw. The Right Wing, under McCook
, numbered 15,933 ; the Center, under Thomas
, 13,39; the Left, under Crittenden
, 13,288; beside Morton
's brigade of Engineers, numbering 1,700.
This army was essentially weakened by its division-or rather dispersion-into no less than 110 infantry and 10 cavalry regiments; its; artillerymen serving no less than 24 batteries, or 150 guns.
Our army, now well concentrated in front of Nashville
, commenced its advance at daylight, Dec. 21 ; Rosecrans
and staff riding out of Nashville
to join it, several hours afterward.
The three grand divisions covered all the roads leading south and south-west from that city.
Of course, it rained heavily, as usual when our Generals
attempted an important movement in Winter; amid McCook
, on our right, was soon enveloped in a fog so dense as to bring him to a halt.
Within two miles after passing our picket-line, our advance was resisted by heavy bodies of cavalry, well backed by infantry and artillery; who skirmished sharply