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[282] and wounded. 1 He claims to have taken 6,273 prisoners, many of them by the raids of his cavalry on the trains and fugitives between our army and Nashville; and lie estimates our losses at 24,000 killed and wounded, with over 30 guns to his 3. lie claims to have captured, in addition, 6,000 small arms and much other valuable spoil, beside burning 800 wagons, &c., &c. It seems odd that, after such a fight, he should have retired so hastily as to leave 1,500 of his sick and wounded (Union accounts says 2,600), with 200 medical and other attendants, in his deserted hospitals at Murfreesboroa. 2

It is a fair presumption that our losses, both in men (prisoners included) and material, were greater than those of the Rebels ; and that Rosecrans's army was disabled by those losses for any effective pursuit; but this does not and can not demolish the fact that the battle of Stone river, so gallantly, obstinately, desperately fought, was lost by Bragg and the Rebels, and won by the army of the Cumberland and its heroic commander.

On the day3 of the great struggle at Stone river, Gen. Forrest, who, with 3,500 cavalry, had been detached 4 by Bragg to operate on our communications in West Tennessee, and who had for two weeks or more been raiding through that section, threatening Jackson, capturing Trenton, Humboldt, Union City, &c., burning bridges, tearing up rails, and paroling captured Federals (over 1,000, according to his reports--700 of them at Trenton alone), was struck on his return at Parker's Cross-roads, between Huntingdon and Lexington, and thoroughly routed. He first encountered Col. C. L. Dunham, with a small brigade of 1,600; who had, the day before, been pushed forward from Huntingdon by Gen. J. C. Sullivan, and who was getting the worst of the fight — having been nearly surrounded, his train captured, and he summoned to surrender — when Sullivan came up at double-quick, with the two fresh brigades of Gen. Haynie and Col. Fuller, and rushed upon the astonished Rebels, who fled in utter rout, not attempting to make a stand, nor hardly to fire a shot. Forrest himself narrowly escaped capture; losing 4 guns, over 400 prisoners, including his Adjutant, Strange, two Colonels, many horses, arms, &c., &c. He fled eastward to Clifton, where he recrossed the Tennessee, and thence made his way back to Bragg. He lost in the fight about 50 killed and 150 wounded--the latter being included among the prisoners. Dunham reports his loss at 220: 23 killed, 139 wounded, and 58 missing.

Gen. John II. Morgan, who had been likewise dispatched by Bragg to operate on Rosecrans's commnunications,

1 Among his killed were Gens. James E. Rains (Missouri), and Roger W. Hanson (Kontucky); and Cols. Moore, 8th Tenn., Burks, 11th Texas, Fisk, 16th La., Cunningham, 28th Tonn, and Black, 5th Ga. Among his wounded were Gens. James R. Chalmers and D. W. Adams.

2 He says, in his report, that his men were “greatly exhausted” by the long contest and its privations — as if they were peculiar in that respect — when they had Murfreesboroa just behind them, with their depots and hospitals; while our troops had scarcely a roof to their heads — and that--

“The only question with me was, whether the movement should be made at once, or delayed 24 hours to save a few of our wounded. As it was probable that we should lose by exhaustion as many as we should remove of the wounded, my inclination to remain was yielded.”

3 Dec. 31.

4 Crossing the Tennessee at Clifton, Dec. 13.

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