and watching for fresh developments of the enemy's plans.
Meantime, our cavalry, under Pleasanton
, was constantly confronted by that of Lee
, under Stuart
; and nearly every day witnessed a fight or a skirmish, as our troopers crowded up to the passes of the Blue Ridge
, and attempted to scan what was going on beyond them, or the enemy dashed down into the valleys this side, incited by a like laudable thirst for knowledge.
At length, a pretty general cavalry fight occurred,1
nearly westward of Washington
, on tie line of the great highway from Alexandria
, down which Stuart
had pushed so far as Upperville
; whence he was repelled by a charge of Kilpatrick
's brigade, and forced back into Ashby's Gap, after a spirited brush, with determined charges on either side.
was once taken prisoner, but rescued by a countercharge directly.
were active this day; as was W. H. F. Lee
on the side of the Rebels
, who lost 2 guns, and perhaps 150 men in all, including Col. M. Lewis
, 9th Virginia, killed.
Our loss did not exceed 100.
Meantime, Gen. Jenkins
and his brigade of Rebel cavalry had raided across the Potomac
up to Chambersburg, Pa.
, which they entered, unopposed, at 11 P. M.2
They took horses, cattle, &c., destroyed the railroad, and swept off into Slavery some 50 negroes — all they could catch — but did no wanton injury.
paid liberally for drugs — in Confederate scrip — and, some of his horses having vanished, threatened to burn the town if they were not returned or their value made up. The borough authorities paid the amount demanded (only $900) in Confederate scrip, which had suddenly become abundant there; and it was pocketed without remark, but without obvious relish.
, with his corps, had crossed into Maryland
on the heels of Milroy
's fugitives, pushing on unmolested to Chambersburg
— our force at Harper's Ferry
retiring across the river to Maryland Heights
, where it was not molested.
's division of Ewell
's corps was impelled eastward from Chambersburg
; while Johnson
's moved northward to Carlisle
, with his brigade, moving westward up the Potomac
, destroying railroad bridges, &c., so far as Cumberland
seems to have meditated a dash on Washington
; but, Hooker
's army remaining in its front, instead of rushing over into Maryland
, no opportunity was presented; so the whole Rebel army forded4
; A. P. Hill
's corps at Shepherdstown
, and Lee
, with Longstreet
's, at Williams-port; both, uniting at Hagerstown
, advanced, unopposed, on the track of Ewell
, to Chambersburg
had taken quiet possession of Carlisle
, pushing forward his advance to Kingston
, within 13 miles of Harrisburg
Meanwhile, such militia as had been mustered in or sent from Eastern States to the aid of Pennsylvania
were collected, under Gen. Couch
, at Harrisburg
; while Gen. Brooks
, powerfully aided by the volunteer efforts of the citizens, hastily threw up a line of defenses intended to cover Pittsburg
All doubt as to the enemy's purposes being now dispelled, Gen.