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[376] path was not irradiated by the sunshine of Hope. And now its heart was swelling with joyful trust that the enemy it had so long confronted was soon to be met in mortal strife where every circumstance of position and local knowledge would not tell in that adversary's favor.

Lee's army had for a few days traversed south-eastern Pennsylvania at will, burning railroad and turnpike bridges, breaking up tracks, severing telegraph wires, &c., &c., as was to be expected, and levying contributions on the country, though rendering a very general obedience to Lee's order,1 exhorting and enjoining his men to abstain from all wanton destruction or of damage to private property. Col. White, with his cavalry advance, had reached the Susquehanna at Wrightsville;2 where a bridge over the river was needlessly burned to prevent a crossing. Gen. Ewell that day occupied York, whose Burgess (David Small) went out several miles to meet him and surrender the borough, which was promised special immunity in consideration thereof; but was, immediately upon its occupation, required3 to furnish, in addition to liberal supplies of food and clothing, $100,000 in cash, whereof $28,000 was actually raised and paid over, with a good portion of the creature comforts likewise required. If this levy of money on a defenseless place, which had in all things evinced a meek and quiet spirit, is justifiable by the laws of war, it is difficult to see how the unsupported charges of rapacity and extortion leveled against Gen. Butler's rule in truculent and venomous New Orleans can be plausibly condemned or complained of.

J. E. B. Stuart, with a considerable proportion of the Rebel cavalry, was watching on our left flank when Hooker crossed the Potomac, and crossed himself4 at Seneca soon afterward; moving up on our right so far as Westminster; burning 17 canal boats, also a train of 178 army wagons, laden with army stores, and picking up quite a number of our officers who were hastening to join their regiments at the front. From Westminster, he made his way across our front to Carlisle, which he found evacuated; and, hastening thence on the track of Longstreet's infantry, was in season for the fray at Gettysburg; whereon Lee, on hearing that Hooker was across the Potomac in force, had hastened to concentrate his whole army.

Hooker was preparing, when superseded, to strike heavily at Lee's line of communications, which would of course compel him to concentrate and fight; Meade changed the direction of certain corps, moving more to

1 Dated Chambersburg, June 27

2 June 28.

3

Required for the use of Early's division:

One hundred and sixty-five barrels of flour, or 28,000 pounds baked bread; 3,500 pounds sugar; 1,650 pounds coffee; 300 gallons molasses; 1,200 pounds salt; 32,000 pounds fresh beef, or 21,000 pounds bacon or pork.

The above articles to be delivered at the market-house on Main street, at 4 o'clock, P. M.

Wm. W. Thornton, Captain and A. C. S.

Required for the use of Early's command:

Two thousand pairs shoes or boots; 1,000 pairs socks; 1,000 felt hats; $100,000 in money.

C. E. Snodgrass, Major and Chief Q. M. Early's division. June 28, 1863.

Approved; and the authorities of the town of York will furnish the above articles and the money required; for which certificates will be given.

J. A. Early, Maj.-Gen. Commanding.

4 June 28.

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