the right, as if his intended point of concentration were Gettysburg
But, in fact, foreseeing that Lee
must give battle, lie had issued a timely address to his officers,1
and was moving circumspectly east of north, looking for advantageous ground whereon to fight, and had about fixed on the line of Pipe creek
, some 15 miles south-east of Gettysburg
, when an unexpected encounter precipitated the grand collision.
, the capital of Adams county
, is a rural village of 3,000 inhabitants, the focus of a well-cultivated upland region.
Though long settled and blessed with excellent country roads, all centering on the borough, much of it is too rugged for cultivation; hence, it is covered with wood.
The village is in a valley, or rather on the northern slope of a hill; with a college and other edifices on the opposite hill, which rises directly from the little run at its foot.
Part of our cavalry advance, under Gen. Kilpatrick
, pushed out from Frederick
moving north-west through Liberty and Taneytown
to Hanover, Pa.
, where they were considerably astonished3
by an attack from Stuart
's cavalry — not imagining that there was any enemy within a march of them.
A sharp fight ensued, wherein Gen. G. F. Farnsworth
's brigade was at first roughly handled, losing 100 men; but Gen. Custer
's, which had passed, returned to its aid, and the enemy was beaten off. A similar dash was simultaneously made on the train of another column of our cavalry at Littlestown
, but easily repulsed.
Meantime, Gen. Buford
, with another division, had moved directly upon Gettysburg
; where lie encountered4
the van of the Rebel
army, under Gen. Heth
, of Hill
's corps, and drove it back on the division, by whom our troopers were repelled in their turn.
And now the advance division of Gen. Reynolds
's (1st) corps, under command of Gen. J. S. Wadsworth
, approaching from Emmitsburg
, quickened its pace at the familiar sound of volleys, and, rushing through the village, drove back the Rebel
van, seizing and occupying the ridge that overlooks the place from tile north-west.
Gen. John F. Reynolds
, formerly of the Pennsylvania Reserves, was in command of the two corps (1st and 11th) now rapidly coming up, together numbering about 22,000 men. As Gen. Wadsworth
was forming his advance division, 4,000 strong, in order of battle, Gen. Reynolds
went forward to reconnoiter, and, seeing that the enemy were in force in a grove just ahead, he dismounted and was observing them through a fence, when he was struck in the neck by a sharp-shooter's bullet, and, falling on his face, was dead in a few minutes.
Born in Lancaster
in 1820; entering the army in 1846; he had