a bridge across the river above the town.
At the proper time, Hugh S. Ewing
's division was drawn bade from Trenton
and followed the others to our extreme left; but the roads were so bad, and the over taxed bridges broke so frequently — the river being swelled by heavy rains — that unexpected delays occurred: and Osterhaus
's division was left to aid Hooker
on the right.
, impatient to relieve Burnside
, had fixed the 21st for the attack; but it was found impossible for Sherman
to get ready by that time; in fact, Ewing
was not in position till the 23d, when the movement was begun.
's eagerness to attack was stimulated by the misguiding report of a deserter that Bragg
back, when he was only posting his forces to strengthen himself for the coming attack.
A most impertinent message2
from the Rebel
chief, received two days before, had strengthened Grant
's suspicion that Bragg
was mainly intent on getting safely away from that dangerous neighborhood.
Hence, before Sherman
was fairly in position, Thomas
to advance our center, and see what was behind the Rebel
picket-line facing Chattanooga
's purposed attack on Lookout mountain
was suspended, and Howard
's (11th) corps pushed over to Chattanooga
and temporarily added to Thomas
The movement was initiated by Granger
's (4th) corps; Sheridan
's division on the right, Wood
's on the left, reaching nearly to Citico creek
, of the 14th corps, supporting Granger
's right with Baird
's division, refused; Johnson
's division under arms in our intrenchments, ready to move to any point at a word.
's corps was likewise held in readiness to act whenever required.
It was 2 P. M. when Granger
's men moved out; advancing steadily, squarely, swiftly, upon the Rebel
intrenchments, driving before them pickets, reserves, and grand guards, and rushing into the Rebel
rifle-pits, on the low hill known as Orchard ridge
, where they made some 200 prisoners. This was done so quickly that no force was, and probably none could have been, sent from Bragg
's main camp, somewhat farther away from us, to resist it; and Granger
, under orders to secure his new position at once by temporary breast-works, and throw out strong pickets, while Howard
moved up on his left, was soon too well established to be expelled during the remaining day-light: so he held on, unmolested, through tile night.
was now to take the laboring oar, by an assault on the north face and west side of Lookout mountain
, attracting the enemy's attention to that quarter while Sherman
should lay his pontoons and cross the Tennessee
on our left, near the mouth of the Chickamauga.
, at 4 A. M., was under arms and ready to advance; but an unexpected obstacle confronted him. The heavy rain of the 21st and 22d had