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[447] post had by this time been rudely fortified with detached earthworks, which were of decided service against raw, undisciplined troops, as Marmaduke's appear to have been. Springfield was held by Brig.-Gen. E. B. Brown, Missouri militia, whose entire strength can not have exceeded 1,200 men, mainly State militia, with 156 of the 118th Iowa, Lt.-Col. Thos. Cook, reinforced, on the instant, by some 300 convalescents from the hospitals, known in army jargon as “the Quinine Brigade,” Col. B. Crabb. With this motley force, Brown fought the Rebels bravely and skillfully from 10 A. M.1 till dark; when they desisted and drew off, having taken one gun and lost some 200 men. Our loss was 14 killed, 145 wounded, and 5 missing; but among our wounded was Gen. Brown, whose valor had animated his men to fight gallantly, and whose able dispositions had probably saved the post.

The Rebels moved eastward; their advance striking,2 at daylight, at Wood's fork, the 21st Iowa, Col. Merrill, which, after some fighting, they flanked, moving by a more southerly route, on Hartsville; where Col. Merrill was joined by the 99th Illinois, with portions of the 3d Missouri and 3d Iowa cavalry, supporting Lt. Waldschmidt's battery, and was ready to dispute their progress. A spirited fight ensued, wherein the enemy was repulsed, with a loss of about 300, including Brig.-Gen. Emmett McDonald, Cols. Porter, Thompson, and Hinkley, killed; having 1 gun dismounted and abandoned. Our loss was 78, including 7 killed. Merrill, short of ammunition, fell back, after the fight, on Lebanon; while Marmaduke, moving 13 miles eastward that night, turned abruptly southward and escaped into Arkansas before a sufficient force could be concentrated to intercept him.

Repairing, with a part of his force, to Batesville, Marmaduke was here attacked3 by the 4th Missouri cavalry, Col. Geo. E. Waring, who drove him over the river, taking Col. Adams prisoner, with others. In a fight the day before, a Rebel band of guerrillas had been routed in Mingo swamp by Maj. Reeder; their leader, Dan. McGee, being killed, with 7 others, and 20 wounded. Lt.-Col. Stewart, with 130 of the 10th Illinois and 1st Arkansas cavalry, scouting from Fayetteville, Ark., surprised and captured,4 at Van Buren, the Arkansas river steamboat Julia Roon; making 300 prisoners.

Gen. Curtis was relieved5 as commander of the Department of Missouri; Gen. Schofield being ultimately appointed6 to succeed him.

The Missouri steamboat Sam Gaty, Capt. McCloy, was, stopped7 at Sibley's landing, near Independence, by a gang of guerrillas, headed by George Todd, who frightened the pilot into running her ashore, robbed boat and passengers of money and valuables, and then proceeded to murder a number of unarmed White passengers, with 20 out of 80 negroes who were known to be on board, and who were the ostensible object of the raid. The other 60 made their escape; but all who were taken were drawn up in line by the side of the boat and shot, one by one, through the head. Barely one of them survived. They were probably escaping

1 Jan. 8.

2 Jan. 10.

3 Feb. 4.

4 Feb. 28.

5 March 9.

6 May 13.

7 March 28.

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