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[450] their wounded at 400. Our loss was 17 killed and 60 wounded.

Hardly had Cooper fled, when Cabell, at 4 P. M., arrived with the expected Texans, estimated by Blunt at 3,000; but they did not see fit to attack; while our men were exhausted with marching and fighting, and were running sort of ammunition. So Blunt halted and waited till next morning; when he ascertained that the enemy had decamped during the night, retreating across the Canadian.

But, though beaten at the front, the Rebels soon began to exhibit a fresh vitality by means of guerrilla raids in the rear of our forces. The 6th Missouri cavalry, Col. Catherwood, holding Pineville, in the south-west corner of Missouri, was next attacked1 by Coffey, raiding up from Arkansas; who was beaten off; with the loss of his wagons, munitions, and cattle, with some 200 killed, wounded, and prisoners.

The next raid was more savage and more successful. It was made by a bandit termed Quantrell — though that was not his real name — who, collecting a force of 300 Rebel guerrillas on the Black water, in western Missouri, 50 miles from the State line, far within the Union lines, and while no Rebel flag openly floated within 100 miles, rode stealthily across the border and at early dawn2 into the young city of Lawrence, Kansas, where no preparation for defense existed, for no danger of attack was ever dreamed of. The people were surprised in their beds, the roads picketed, and every one who emerged from a house with a weapon was shot down, of course. But very few thought of resistance, which was manifestly idle. The Eldridge House, the chief hotel, contained no arms of any kind, and was formally surrendered by Capt. Banks, who, frankly avowing himself a Union officer, insisted on seeing Quantrell, who assured him that none who surrendered should receive personal harm. The banks, stores, and safes, were all broken open and robbed, as were tile private dwellings. All the horses were taken, of course; otherwise tile booty could not have been carried off. Every negro and every German who were caught were killed at once. Tile Court-house and many of the best dwellings were fired and burnt. Eighteen unarmed recruits were found at tile rendezvous near tile city, and killed; as were quite a number of private citizens; several of them after they had surrendered and given up their money under a promise that they should be spared; but those taken in the Eldridge House were protected by Quantrell and saved. Few, if any, who were shot, survived. U. S. Senator J. H. Lane escaped; as did Col. Deitzler and some others; Gen. Collamore, who hid ill a well, was suffocated, as were two men who successively went down to help him out. At 10 A. M., the work of devastation and murder was complete--140 men having been butchered and 185 buildings burned, including lost of the stores and one-fourth of the dwellings — and the bandits left, being fired at by some soldiers across the Kansas, as they fled, and three of them killed.

A series of fatalities had prevented the receipt of any warning of this

1 Aug. 13.

2 Aug. 21.

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