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[510] somewhat less, it still ranged from 96,445 up to 97,479; while the new Legislature stood 29 to 5 in the Senate and 73 to 24 in the House. Yet the soldiers in the field — who had given 41,467 votes for Brough to 2,088 for Vallandigham — regretted that the election had not taken place before instead of soon after the sanguinary battle of Chickamauga; which, they safely calculated, had reduced Gov. Brough's majority by several thousand votes.

Of the Western States, Indiana and Illinois chose only county or local officers this year; but the results as to these sufficed to show that a great revolution had taken place, and that their Democratic Legislatures, elected in 1862, and the U. S. Senators chosen1 by them, were already disowned by their constituents. Iowa elected a Legislature almost entirely Republican, and a Governor and Judge of like faith by over 30,000 majority;2 Wisconsin likewise — not voting till late3--rolled up a very heavy majority4 on every ticket, though she had been very evenly divided in 1862, and had only been saved by the votes of her soldiers in the field from going5 Democratic at a Judicial election in April of this year. Minnesota of course went Republican now, by a majority largely above6 that of last year. In Michigan — which only elected by general vote a Regent of her University in 1863, and this early in the year — there was an inconsiderable increase in the Republican majority and vote.7

In the Atlantic States, but especially in New York — the arena of the most formidable and bloodiest of the Draft Riots — the popular reaction evinced by the State Election of 1863 was most incontestable: Gov. Seymour's majority of over 10,000 in 1862 being reversed by one of nearly 30,0008 for the Republican State ticket, with a corresponding Legislature; while Massachusetts--upon a far lighter vote than in 1862--gave a much larger majority.9 And Maryland filled the measure of National triumph by electing Unionists to Congress in four of her five districts, and, for the first time, a distinctively Emancipation Controller and Legislature by some 20,000 majority. New Jersey chose only a Legislature this year, and hence evinced no essential change; while in Delaware, which had to choose specially a Representative in Congress, the Democrats withdrew their candidate on the eve of Election, insisting that the voters were to be overawed, if not worse,

1 Charles R. Buckalew in Pennsylvania; Thomas A. Hendricks in Indiana.

2 The rival candidates for Governor were Col. Wm. M. Stone (Republican) and Gen. S. Tuttle (Democrat), both at that time in the volunteer service. Their official vote is not at hand; but it was very nearly that cast at the same election for Judge of the Supreme Court, which was as follows:

  Home. Soldiers'. Total.
Dillon (Repub.) 68,306 17,435 85,741
Mason (Dem.) 50,829 2,289 53,068
 
Repub. majority, 17,477 15,046 32,673

3 Nov. 3.

4 Total vote for Governor: James T. Lewis (Repub.), 79,959; Palmer (Dem.), 55,248.

5

Home vote: Repub., 51,948 Dem., 56,840
Soldiers' vote: Repub., 9,440 Dem., 1,747
     
Total — Dixon,   61,388 Cothren, 58,587

6

In 1862 (Cong.), Repub., 15,754 Dem. 11,442
In 1863 (Gov.), Repub., 19,515 Dem. 12,722

7

In 1862--Gov., Repub., 67,716 Dem. 62,102
In 1863--Regent, Repub., 68,992 Dem. 61,913

8 Total vote for Sec. State: Depew (Repub.), 314,347; St. John (Dem.), 284,942.

9

In 1862, Gov. Andrew, 80,835 Devens, 52,587
In 1863, Gov. Andrew, 70,483 Paine, 29,207

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