decided to draw off,1
and, at 10 P. M., commenced the movement; which ended with our whole army back in its intrenchments before Petersburg
, and thence westward to Warren
's works, covering not only the Weldon railroad, but the Vaughan
and Squirrel Level highways.
Thus, while our several advances on the left had been achieved at heavy cost, the following movement, wherein we had the advantage in the fighting and in losses, gave us no foot of ground whatever.
's advance on our farthest right, being in the nature of a feint, had effected nothing but a distraction of the enemy's attention, and this at considerable cost.
Here ended, practically, for the year 1864, Grant
's determined, persistent, sanguinary campaign against Lee
's army and Richmond
: and the following tabular statement of the losses endured by the Army of the Potomac, having been furnished by one of Gen. Grant
's staff to the author of “Grant
and his campaigns,” can not be plausibly suspected of exaggerating them:
Tabular Statement of Casualties in the Army of the Potomac, from May 5, 1864
, to November 1, 1864
|Officers.||Enlisted Men.||Officers.||Enlisted Men.||Officers.||Enlisted Men.|
|Wilderness||May 5 to 12||269||8,019||1,017||18,261||177||6,667||29,410|
|Spottsylvania||May 12 to 21||114||2,032||259||7,697||31||248||10,881|
|North Anna||May 21 to 31||12||138||67||1,063||3||324||1,607|
|Cold Harbor||June 1 to 10||144||1,561||421||8,621||51||2,355||18,158|
|Petersburg||June 10 to 20||85||1,118||361||6,492||46||1,568||9,665|
|Ditto||June 20 to July 30||29||576||120||2,374||108||2,109||5,316|
|Trenches||August 1 to 18||10||128||58||626||1||45||868|
|Weldon Railroad||August 18 to 21||21||191||100||1,055||104||3,072||4,543|
|Reams's Station||August 25||24||93||62||484||95||1,674||2,432|
|Peeble's Farm||Sept. 30 to Oct. 1||12||129||10||738||56||1,700||2,685|
|Trenches||Aug. 18 to Oct. 80||13||284||91||1,214||4||800||2,417|
|Boydton Plank-road||October 27 to 28||16||140||66||981||8||619||1,902|
note.--The first line of the above table includes several days' desperate fighting at Spottsylvania
, in which our losses were fully 10,000.
Our actual losses in the Wilderness
were rather under than over 20,000, and at Spottsylvania
just about as many.
These corrections, however, make no difference in the aggregates given above.
Whether the foregoing returns of losses do or do not include those of Burnside
's (9th) corps before it was formally incorporated with the Army of the Potomac, is not stated; but, as they do not include the losses in the Army of the James, it is safe to conclude that the killed, wounded, and missing of 1864, in our armies operating directly for the reduction of Richmond
, reached the appalling aggregate of 100,000 men. If we assume that, of nearly 54,000 wounded and 24,000 missing (most of the latter prisoners, of whom few of the able-bodied were exchanged during that year), 30,000 recovered of their wounds, or were recaptured, or escaped from the enemy, it leaves our net losses in that campaign not less than 70,000.
The enemy's net loss, including 15,373 prisoners, after deducting the wounded who recovered and returned to their colors, we may safely estimate at 40,000, though they would doubtless make it less.