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[597] decided to draw off,1 and, at 10 P. M., commenced the movement; which ended with our whole army back in its intrenchments before Petersburg, and thence westward to Warren's works, covering not only the Weldon railroad, but the Vaughan and Squirrel Level highways. Thus, while our several advances on the left had been achieved at heavy cost, the following movement, wherein we had the advantage in the fighting and in losses, gave us no foot of ground whatever.

Butler's advance on our farthest right, being in the nature of a feint, had effected nothing but a distraction of the enemy's attention, and this at considerable cost.

Here ended, practically, for the year 1864, Grant's determined, persistent, sanguinary campaign against Lee's army and Richmond: and the following tabular statement of the losses endured by the Army of the Potomac, having been furnished by one of Gen. Grant's staff to the author of “Grant and his campaigns,” can not be plausibly suspected of exaggerating them:

Tabular Statement of Casualties in the Army of the Potomac, from May 5, 1864, to November 1, 1864.

Officers.Enlisted Men.Officers.Enlisted Men.Officers.Enlisted Men.
WildernessMay 5 to 122698,0191,01718,2611776,66729,410
SpottsylvaniaMay 12 to 211142,0322597,6973124810,881
North AnnaMay 21 to 3112138671,06333241,607
Cold HarborJune 1 to 101441,5614218,621512,35518,158
PetersburgJune 10 to 20851,1183616,492461,5689,665
DittoJune 20 to July 30295761202,3741082,1095,316
DittoJuly 30473721241,555911,8194,008
TrenchesAugust 1 to 181012858626145868
Weldon RailroadAugust 18 to 21211911001,0551043,0724,543
Reams's StationAugust 25249362484951,6742,432
Peeble's FarmSept. 30 to Oct. 11212910738561,7002,685
TrenchesAug. 18 to Oct. 8013284911,21448002,417
Boydton Plank-roadOctober 27 to 28161406698186191,902

note.--The first line of the above table includes several days' desperate fighting at Spottsylvania, in which our losses were fully 10,000. Our actual losses in the Wilderness were rather under than over 20,000, and at Spottsylvania just about as many. These corrections, however, make no difference in the aggregates given above.

Whether the foregoing returns of losses do or do not include those of Burnside's (9th) corps before it was formally incorporated with the Army of the Potomac, is not stated; but, as they do not include the losses in the Army of the James, it is safe to conclude that the killed, wounded, and missing of 1864, in our armies operating directly for the reduction of Richmond, reached the appalling aggregate of 100,000 men. If we assume that, of nearly 54,000 wounded and 24,000 missing (most of the latter prisoners, of whom few of the able-bodied were exchanged during that year), 30,000 recovered of their wounds, or were recaptured, or escaped from the enemy, it leaves our net losses in that campaign not less than 70,000. The enemy's net loss, including 15,373 prisoners, after deducting the wounded who recovered and returned to their colors, we may safely estimate at 40,000, though they would doubtless make it less. During

1 Heth says that, if he had remained, he would have been attacked next morning by 15,000 infantry and Hampton's cavalry. His lack of ammunition compelled withdrawal.

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