across which, 8 miles distant, lies the new but important city of Atlanta
— a focus o several railroads, having some 20,000 inhabitants, and then the seat of extensive manufactories of Confederate supplies.
It had been well fortified, early in 1863.
's position at Dalton
was covered by an impassable mountain known as Rocky-Face ridge
, cloven by the passage of Mill creek
called Buzzard's Roost gap.
The railroad traverses this pass, but our army could not; it being naturally very strong and now thoroughly fortified.
Hence, while Thomas
and feebly assailed it in front, McPherson
flanked the enemy's left, moving down by Ship's gap, Villanow
, and Snake creek
gap, to seize either Resaca
or some other point well in its rear, while Schofield
should press on Johnston
In executing these orders, Thomas
was compelled to bear more heavily on the Rebel
front than was intended: Newton
's division of Howard
's (4th) corps, and Geary
's of Hooker
's (20th) corps, assaulting in earnest and even carrying portions of the ridge; whence they were soon repelled with loss.
had reached the front of Resaca
, scarcely resisted; but he could not carry it, and dared not remain between it and Johnston
's main body; so he fell back to a strong position in Snake creek
gap, which he could hold for some hours against all gainsayers.
now, leaving Howard
's corps and some cavalry to threaten Dalton
in front, moved2
the rest of his forces rapidly in the track of Schofield
, and through Snake creek
gap; which compelled Johnston
to evacuate his stronghold and fall back rapidly to Resaca
; advancing in force against which, Kilpatrick
, fighting the enemy's cavalry, was disabled by a shot.
had calculated on seriously damaging Johnston
when he thus retreated, but was unable to reach him — Johnston
having the only direct, good road, while our flanking advance was made with great difficulty.
on the heels of the enemy, and pressed him sharply down to Resaca
forthwith set on foot a new flanking movement by his right to turn Johnston
out of Resaca
; which Johnston
countered by an attack on Hooker
, still in his front and on his left; but he was rather worsted in the bloody fight3
thus brought on: Hooker
driving the Rebels
from several hills, taking 4 guns and many prisoners.
The Rebels retreated across the Oostenaula
during the night, and our army entered Resaca
in triumph next morning.
crossed on our right at Lay
's ferry next day; Gen. Thomas
moving directly through Resaca
, on the heels of Hardee
, who covered the Rebel
retreat; while Schofield
advanced on our left, over a rough region, by such apologies for roads as he could find or make.
Jeff. C. Davis
's division of Thomas
's army kept down the north-west bank of the Oostenaula to Rome
, where he took 8 or 10 great guns, and destroyed mills and founderies of great importance to the enemy; leaving here a garrison.
made a momentary stand against our central advance in a strong position covering Adairsville
; but, on the approach of our main body, he again retreated, with only