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[660] of this our country, the efforts of any such power to obtain new footholds for monarchical governments, sustained by a foreign military force in near proximity to the United States.

On proceeding to vote for a Presidential candidate, Abraham Lincoln was named by the delegates from each State and Territory permitted to vote, save Missouri, which named Gen. Grant. Mr. Lincoln was then unanimously nominated.

The Convention proceeded to vote for Vice-President, with the following result:

Andrew Johnson200
Daniel S. Dickinson108
Hannibal Hamlin150

Several delegations thereupon changed to Johnson; who was nominated without further balloting by 494 votes to 26 for others.

These nominations were formally tendered and heartily accepted. Mr. Johnson's letter of acceptance, in its allusion to Slavery, tersely expressed what had ere this become the generally accepted faith of War Democrats — as follows:

It is in vain to attempt to reconstruct the Union with the distracting element of Slavery in it. Experience has demonstrated its incompatibility with free and republican governments and it would be unwise and unjust longer to continue it as one of the institutions of the country. While it remained subordinate to the Constitution and laws of the United States, I yielded to it my support; but when it became rebellious, and attempted to rise above the Government, and control its action, I threw my humble influence against it.

The resolves of the Union, like those of the Radical Convention, were, as we have seen, pitched in a very high key. The delegates had been chosen, had assembled, and deliberated, in the prevalent conviction that Grant's advance from the Rapidan and Sherman's from the Tennessee had each been a series of unbroken and not costly successes — that the Rebellion was already reeling under their heavy blows — that Richmond and Atlanta were on the point of falling — and that their fall involved that of the Confederacy. No doubt, no apprehension, disturbed the serenity of the Baltimore platform-builders. Their language was that of a monarch who had subdued an insurrection, and was intent on dispensing rewards to his lieutenants and pronouncing the doom of the defeated insurgents. In this spirit, the Convention met, acted, and dissolved; assured that the year 1864 would witness alike the reelection of President Lincoln and the downfall of the Rebellion.

Events soon transpired which materially changed the aspect of affairs. Gen. Grant's determined attack at Cold Harbor was found to have been not merely unsuccessful — that had been frankly and promptly admitted — but an exceedingly expensive and damaging failure-damaging not merely in the magnitude of our loss, but in its effect on the morale and efficiency of our chief army. It had extinguished the last hope of culling Lee north of the James, and of interposing that army between him and the Confederate capital. The failure to seize Petersburg when it would easily have fallen, and the repeated and costly failures to carry its defenses by assault, or even to flank them on the south — the luckless conclusion of Wilson's and Kautz's raid to Staunton river-Sheridan's failure to unite with Hunter in Lee's rear-Sturgis's disastrous defeat by Forrest near GuntownHunter's failure to carry Lynchburg, and eccentric line of retreat-Sherman's bloody repulse at Kenesaw, and

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