of 1863 for Governor,1
and on the whole ticket.
and here the Opposition claimed an encouraging gain: the vote being far less than that drawn out by the vehement contest of 1863, and the majority reduced in proportion3
Both parties then held their breath for the returns from the October elections: Pennsylvania
having for an age been held to indicate, by the results of those elections, the issue of the pending Presidential canvass.
now showed a change of 30,000 since 1862;4
electing Governor Morton
and carrying the Republican
tickets throughout by over 20,000 majority, with 8 Republican to 3 Democratic Representatives in Congress — a gain of 4 seats to the victors.
The vote was heavy beyond precedent — swelled, the losers said, unfairly.
elected no State officer this year by a general vote; but her representatives in Congress — before 12 to 12--were now 15 to 9, with a Legislature strongly Republican in both branches, and an average popular majority of 10,000 to 15,000.
, on the same day,5
went “ Union” by a popular majority of 54,7546
on Secretary of State
; while, instead of the 14 Democrats to 5 Republicans chosen in 1862 to represent her in Congress, she now elected 17 Republicans to two
These results left little doubt that Mr. Lincoln
would be reelected to the Presidency.
But no election of that month was of more lasting consequence than that held in Maryland
which State was now to adopt or reject the new Constitution which banished Slavery from her soil and withdrew the Right of Suffrage from those of her citizens who had abetted the Rebellion
The Constitution was carried — and barely carried — by the vote of her soldiers in the field: the total vote, as declared, being 30,174 for
, to 29,699 against
ratifying; whereof the soldiers gave 2,633 for
, to 163 against
it. Had not the Convention
enabled them to vote in their respective camps, the Constitution
would have been rejected by all but 2,000 majority — the vote in all the lower counties — that is, in all but Baltimore, Cecil
, and the western counties — showing heavy adverse majorities.
The death of Roger B. Taney
, Chief Justice
of the United States
, on the day which witnessed this result, was a remarkable coincidence.
had long been a main bulwark of Slavery, not only in Maryland
, but throughout the Union
The Dred Scott
decision is inseparably linked with his name.
His natural ability, eminent legal attainments, purity of private character, fullness of years,8
and the long period lie had officiated as Chief Justice
caused him to be regarded by many as a pillar of the State
; and his death at this moment seemed to mark the transition from the era of