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[721] of Wilson and his lieutenants, yet going whither and doing as he pleased; scarcely resisted at any town he chose to take. The ‘fireeaters’ had disappeared; the survivors were heartily sick of War.

Gen. Canby, commanding in New Orleans, was kept inactive throughout the Summer and Autumn of 1804, by the exacted return of the 16th corps from his department, to serve on either bank of the Mississippi above. His remaining corps — the 13th, Gen. Gordon Granger--participated, as we have seen, in the reduction of the forts at the mouth of Mobile bay. During the year, Gen. Dick Taylor crossed the Mississippi and assumed command of the Confederate forces in Alabama. At length, after the overthrow of Hood, in Tennessee, the 16th was returned to Gen.Canby; who now proceeded, in concert with Wilson's demonstration from the north on central Alabama, to attempt the reduction of Mobile and its remaining defenses,1 now held, under Dick Taylor, by Gen. Maury, with a force estimated at 15,000 men.

The forces employed by Gen. Canby consisted of the 13th and 16th corps aforesaid, with a division of cavalry and one of colored infantry — in all, from 25,000 to 30,000 men; and he was assured of the hearty cooperation of Porter's powerful fleet, now commanded by Rear-Admiral Thatcher, so far as the available depth of water in the shallow bay of Mobile would allow. Active operations awaited only the arrival of the 16th corps by water on Dauphine island2 which was the signal for a concentration on Mobile of Canby's entire disposable force. The cavalry, under Grierson, crossed Lake Pontchartrain from New Orleans, advancing to Mobile Point, whence the movement on Mobile commenced: the 13th corps marching thence around Bon Secours bay to strike Mobile from the east, where its defenses were deemed least elaborate; while Gen. F. Steele, with a division of Blacks, was impelled from Pensacola on Blakely, and a brigade of Smith's corps was transferred by water to Cedar Point, on the west side of the bay; landing under a heavy fire of shells from our iron-clads, and threatening an attack on the city from that side.

Steele's advance was resisted by cavalry only, and not seriously, till, on reaching Mitchell's creek, a stand was made3 by some 800 of the 6th and 8th Alabama cavalry, under Clanton, who were promptly charged and routed--275 prisoners, including Clanton, being taken, and the residue of the force dispersed. Steele encountered no further resistance till he was in front of Blakely, which was strongly held by the Rebels; where lie halted and sent to Canby for supplies, which were promptly transmitted.4

Gen. Granger's march around Don Secours bay and up to Mobile was impeded by pouring rains and heavy roads; so that Smith's corps, which was embarked on transports and thus moved up and across the bay to their appointed rendezvous near Fish river, arrived first;5 but Granger's corps came up in the course of the two following days; and the joint advance on Mobile was resumed on the 25th. It was resisted only by skirmishers; but the roads were thickly

1 See page 650.

2 March 12, 1865.

3 March 25.

4 March 29.

5 March 21.

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