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The Mississippi is fortified so as to be impassable for any hostile fleet or flotilla. Forts Jackson and St. Philip are armed with 170 heavy guns (63-pounders, rifled by Barkley Britton. and received from England). The navigation of the river is stopped by a dam about a quarter of a mile from the above forts. No flotilla on earth could force that damn in less than two hours; during which it would be within sort and cross range of 170 guns of the heaviest caliber, many of which would be served with red-hot shot, numerous furnaces for which have been erected in every fort and battery.In a day or two, we shall have ready two iron-eased floating batteries. The plates are 4 1/2 inches thick, of the best hammered iron, received from England and France. Each iron-cased battery will mount twenty 68-pounders, placed so as to skin the water, and strike the enemy's hull between wind and water. We have an abundant supply of incendiary shells, cupola furnaces for molten iron. congreve rockets, and fire-ships. Between New Orleans and the forts, there is a constant succession of earthworks. At the Plain of Chalmette, near Janin's property, there are redoubts, armed with rifled cannon which have been found to be effective at five miles' range. A ditch 30 feet wide and 20 deep extends from the Mississippi to La Ciprione. In Forts St. Plilip and Jackson, there are 3,000 men; of whom a goodly portion are experienced artillery-men and gunners who have served in the navy. At New Orleans itself, we have 32,000 infantry, and as many more quartered in the immediate neieghborhood. In discipline and drill, they are far superior to the Yankees. We have two very able and active Generals, who possess our entire confidence--Gen. Mansfield Lovell and Brig.-Gen. Ruggles. For Commodore, we have old Hollins — a Nelson in his way.--N. O. Picayune, April 5, 1862.
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