reckless attacks on our strong positionsat Mechanicsville
, Gaines's Mill
, and Malvern
, being stoutly resisted, must have cost them very dearly.
The official reports of two corps commanders show an aggregate of 9,336 killed, wounded, and missing ;1
subordinate reports indicate heavy losses in other divisions.
On the whole, it is fair to estimate our total loss at 15,000 killed and wounded, and 5,000 unwounded prisoners; and the Rebel
as at least equal to ours, minus the prisoners and the guns.
had telegraphed the President
's, on the morning of this battle, that: “My men are completely exhausted, and I dread the result if we are attacked to-day by fresh troops.”
Next day (2d), he telegraphed from Harrison
's Bar that, “As usual, we had a severe battle yesterday, and beat the enemy badly; the men fighting even better than before.”
Next day (3d), he telegraphed again to the Secretary of War
that he presumed he had not over “50,000 men left with their colors ;” and that, “To accomplish the great task of capturing Richmond
and putting an end to this Rebellion, reenforcements should be sent to me rather much over than less than 100,000 men.”
The President had advised him, the day before, that there were, in all, east of the Alleghanies
, less than 75,000 men not already on the James
, including those under Gen. Wool
at Fortress Monroe
; so that to send him even 50,000 was impossible.
The President went down3
to the Army at Harrison
's Bar, and found 86,000 men there.
As 160,000 had gone into that Army on the Peninsula
, he wrote for an account of the residue.
that his force then “present for duty” numbered 88,665; absent by authority, 34,472; absent without authority, 3,778; sick, 16,619; present and absent, 144,407.
Of those absent by authority, he says that one-half were probably fit for duty; but, having got away on sick leave or otherwise, had failed to return.
's office reported (July 20th) Gen. McClellan
's army as numbering — Present for duty, 101,691; on special duty, sick, or in arrest, 17,828; absent, 38,795; total, 158,314.
This does not include Gen. Wool
's nor Gen. Burnside
's force, then at or near Fortress Monroe
Upon a suggestion5
from Gen. Halleck
that deserters had reported the Rebels
moving southward of the James
, leaving but a small force in Richmond
, Gen. McClellan
ordered Gen. Hooker
, with his own division and Pleasanton