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[169] reckless attacks on our strong positionsat Mechanicsville, Gaines's Mill, Glendale, and Malvern, being stoutly resisted, must have cost them very dearly. The official reports of two corps commanders show an aggregate of 9,336 killed, wounded, and missing ;1 while other2 subordinate reports indicate heavy losses in other divisions. On the whole, it is fair to estimate our total loss at 15,000 killed and wounded, and 5,000 unwounded prisoners; and the Rebel as at least equal to ours, minus the prisoners and the guns.

Gen. McClellan had telegraphed the President from Haxall's, on the morning of this battle, that: “My men are completely exhausted, and I dread the result if we are attacked to-day by fresh troops.” Next day (2d), he telegraphed from Harrison's Bar that, “As usual, we had a severe battle yesterday, and beat the enemy badly; the men fighting even better than before.” Next day (3d), he telegraphed again to the Secretary of War that he presumed he had not over “50,000 men left with their colors ;” and that, “To accomplish the great task of capturing Richmond and putting an end to this Rebellion, reenforcements should be sent to me rather much over than less than 100,000 men.” The President had advised him, the day before, that there were, in all, east of the Alleghanies, less than 75,000 men not already on the James, including those under Gen. Wool at Fortress Monroe; so that to send him even 50,000 was impossible.

The President went down3 to the Army at Harrison's Bar, and found 86,000 men there. As 160,000 had gone into that Army on the Peninsula, he wrote for an account of the residue. Gen. M. replied4 that his force then “present for duty” numbered 88,665; absent by authority, 34,472; absent without authority, 3,778; sick, 16,619; present and absent, 144,407. Of those absent by authority, he says that one-half were probably fit for duty; but, having got away on sick leave or otherwise, had failed to return. The Adjutant-General's office reported (July 20th) Gen. McClellan's army as numbering — Present for duty, 101,691; on special duty, sick, or in arrest, 17,828; absent, 38,795; total, 158,314. This does not include Gen. Wool's nor Gen. Burnside's force, then at or near Fortress Monroe.

Upon a suggestion5 from Gen. Halleck at Washington that deserters had reported the Rebels moving southward of the James, leaving but a small force in Richmond, Gen. McClellan ordered Gen. Hooker, with his own division and Pleasanton's

1

  Killed. Woun'd. Miss'g. Total.
Jackson's 966 4,417 63 5,446
A. P. Hill's 619 3,271 -- 3,890
 
Total 1,585 7,688 63 9,336

2 Brig.-Gen. R. S. Ripley, Rebel chief of artillery, reports that his brigade entered into these fights 2,366 strong, including pioneers and ambulance corps, of whom 889 fell at Malvern, and 3 out of 4 Colonels were killed. Brig.-Gen. Garland reports his loss in all the battles at 192 killed, 637 wounded, 15 missing; total, 844. Howell Cobb reports that his brigade, of Magruder's division, went into battle at Savage's Station 2,700 strong; whereof but 1,500 appeared on the battle-field of Malvern, where nearly 500 of them were killed and wounded. Among the Rebel officers killed during the Seven Days were Gen. Griffith, Miss; Cols. C. C. Pegues, 5th Ala., Allen, 2d Va., Fulkerson. commanding Texas brigade, and Lt.-Col. Faison, 3d N. C.

3 July 7.

4 July 15.

5 July 30.

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