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[176]

Stonewall Jackson, with his own division, following Ewell's, had reached Gordonsville July 19th, and, sending thence for reenforcements, had received A. P. Hill's division, increasing his force to some 25,000 men; with which he advanced,1 driving back our cavalry and reaching Slaughter's or Cedar Mountain this day.2 From the splendid outlook afforded by this mountain, he saw his opportunity, and resolved to profit by it. Pushing forward Ewell's division on the Culpepper road, and thence to the right along the western slope of the mountain, but keeping it thoroughly covered by woods which concealed its numbers, he advanced four guns to the front and opened fire upon Crawford's batteries, his own division, under Winder, being thrown out to the left as it arrived, still under cover of the woods. Ewell's batteries were successfully posted at the foot of the mountain, some 200 feet above the valley, whence their fire was far more effective than ours. Meantime, Hill's division was arriving, and being sent in to the support of whatever portion of the Rebel line was weakest, until not less than 20,000 veterans, with every advantage of position and shelter, formed the Rebel line of battle; against which Banks's 6,000 or 8,000

Cedar Mountain. Explanations: A Position of Gen. Banks's corps both before and after his advance upon the enemy on the afternoon of Aug. 9.

B Furthest advance of Gen. Banks's corps, and place of severest fighting.

b Position of Rebel troops corresponding with position, B.

a Farthest advance of Rebels in the afternoon, from which point they were driven evening of Aug. 9.

1 August 7.

2 August 9.

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