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[180] officers; while Porter, at Warrenton Junction, had a very small supply of provisions and barely 40 rounds of cartridges per man.

Lee, who had by this time nearly his whole army on the Rappahannock, had abandoned the idea of forcing a passage of that river, in favor of an effort, by a long flank movement, to turn our right. To this end, Jackson was directed to take the advance, cross above Waterloo, and move around our army so as to strike the railroad in its rear; while Longstreet, following, was to menace our front and fix Pope's attention until Jackson's hazardous movement should be accomplished.

Jackson moved rapidly across1 the Rappahannock at Hinson's Mill, four miles above Waterloo, and encamped that night at Salem, behind the Bull Run Mountains, between Thoroughfare and Manassas Gaps. Starting early next morning, he passed through Thoroughfare Gap and moved south-easterly by Gainesville, where he was joined by Stuart with two cavalry brigades; striking before dark2 the Alexandria Railroad at Bristow Station, thus placing himself directly between Pope's far superior force and his base at Alexandria or Washington; having encountered no resistance. In fact, Pope seems to have been completely deceived,3 with his cavalry still watching for a Rebel advance from the Rappahannock; as two trains of cars, moving northward from Warrenton, arrived at Bristow soon after Jackson, to whom they fell an easy prey.

So far, Jackson's success had been without flaw; but his position was critical, and there was obviously no time to be lost. Weary and footsore as were his men, he at once dispatched Gen. Trimble, with the 21st North Carolina and 21st Georgia infantry, under Stuart — who took part of his cavalry — with orders to strike Manassas Junction, seven miles farther north, carry it at all hazards, and capture the large amount of stores there collected. Stuart moved slowly, because of the darkness of the night, as well as the weariness of his command; but, sending Col. Wickham, with the 4th Virginia cavalry, to the rear of the Junction, he charged and carried it with his infantry before midnight, capturing 8 guns, 300 prisoners, 175 horses, 200 new tents, 10 locomotives, 7 trains loaded with provisions and munitions, and immense quantities of quartermaster and commissary stores. Our forces, consisting of the 11th New York battery and 4 or 5 companies of infantry, seem to have been taken by surprise; which is the more unaccountable since a train, which had barely escaped capture at Bristow, had, some hours before, run by the Junction at full speed, rushing into a down train loaded with soldiers, which was standing on the track at Bull Run bridge, four miles east of Manassas, completely demolishing 5 freight cars, killing 3 soldiers,

1 Aug. 25.

2 Aug. 26.

3 Gen. Banks, from his position near the Rappahannock, reported to Pope at 11:25 A. M. on the 25th, that his Aid, Col. Clark, in charge of the Signal Corps, had observed a general movement of the Rebel army to the west and north. Banks adds; “It seems to be apparent that the enemy is threatening, or moving up the Valley of the Shenandoah, via Front Royal, with designs upon the Potomac-possibly beyond.” Pope, at Warrenton Junction, at 9:30 that night, sent to McDowell at Warrenton, that, “I believe the whole force of the enemy has marched for the Shenandoah Valley, by way of Luray and Front Royal.”

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