flour, beef, pork, and bacon, whereof the Rebel
army stood in greater need than did ours.
, and Reno
reached, during the night, the positions assigned them by Pope
had only started the day before from the south side of the Rappahannock
, opposite Warrenton Springs, and had not yet entered Thoroughfare Gap.
but block it effectually with a few regiments and batteries, while the rest of our army was hurled upon Jackson
, our triumph must be certain and decisive.
, about dark, sent back explicit orders to Porter
, at Warrenton Junction, to move forward at 1 A. M.,1
and report to head quarters at Bristow
, 10 miles distant, during the night or early next morning.
This order Porter
failed to obey; not moving till after daylight, and not reaching Bristow
till 10 1/2 A. M.
was likewise ordered, at 9 P. M.,2
to press forward, at the very earliest dawn, toward Manassas Junction
, resting his right on the Manassas Gap Railroad, while Reno
advanced simultaneously from Greenwich
, and Kearny
at 8 A. M.,3
on his left, and was immediately pushed forward, followed by Hooker
, on the track of Ewell
gave orders for the required movement at 2 A. M.; but Sigel
, who held his advance, had not fairly cleared Gainesville
at 7 1/2 A. M.
, who was not easily caught napping, had commenced his evacuation of Manassas
at 3 A. M., moving via Centerville
; and thus escaping the destruction which probably awaited him had he persisted in seeking a more immediate junction with Longstreet
, with Kearny
's division and Reno
's corps, about noon; Jackson
having left with his rear-guard an hour earlier.
immediately pushed forward all his forces in hand upon Centerville
, ordered Porter
to come up at once to Manassas
, and McDowell
to advance toward Centerville
, unordered, had detached Ricketts
's division and sent it toward Thoroughfare Gap; so that it was no longer available for the directed movement on Centerville
Late in the afternoon, Kearny
's rear-guard retreating by Sudley Springs
; while part of his force took the Warrenton turnpike
, impeding our advance on both roads by destroying the bridges over Bull Run
and Cub Run
At 6 P. M., Jackson
's advance, now moving toward Thoroughfare Gap, encountered King
's division of McDowell
's corps, and a sanguinary combat ensued, which was terminated by darkness, the advantage being on the side of the Rebels
The loss on both sides was heavy; and among the Rebel
wounded were Maj.-Gen. Ewell
and Brig.-Gen. Taliaferro
; the former severely.
, still at Centerville
, was apprised of this collision at 10 P. M., and then felt that he had Jackson
Sending orders to McDowell
to hold their ground at all hazards, and directing Kearny
to push forward at 1 A. M.4
, along the Warrenton turnpike
, and to hug Jackson
close, so as to prevent his retreating northward