meantime been all but lost; its gunners having been shot down or driven off, and its guns saved from capture only by a determined charge of the 23d Ohio, 100th Pennsylvania, and 45th New York.
The rattle of musketry ceased at noon, and for two hours only the roar of cannon was heard; the combatants on either side awaiting the arrival of reenforcements.
Hitherto, only Reno
's division on our side, and Hill
's on that of the Rebels
, had been engaged.
But, at 2 P. M., Hooker
's corps came up on our side, and took the old Hagerstown road, leading away from the turnpike on our right, with intent to flank and crush the Rebel
At 3 P. M., our line of battle was formed, with Ricketts
's division on the right; King
's, commanded by Hatch
, in the center, with its right resting on the turnpike, and Reno
's on the left; and a general advance commenced, under a heavy fire of artillery.
had sent pressing messages to Longstreet
, at Hagerstown
, for help; and two brigades had already arrived; as Longstreet
himself, with seven more brigades, did very soon afterward; raising the Rebel
force in action thereafter to some 25,000 or 30,000 men. Longstreet
, ranking Hill
, of course took command; little to the satisfaction of Hill
, who evidently thinks he
could have done much better.1
The enemy's advantage in position was still very great, every movement on our part being plainly visible to them; while we could know nothing of their positions nor their strength, except from their fire and its effect.
Our men were constantly struggling up rocky steeps, mainly wooded, where every wall, or fence, or inequality of ground, favors the combatants who stand on the defensive.
The disparity in numbers between those actually engaged was not very great — possibly three to two--but then, our men were inspirited by the