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[135]

Twentieth Maine Infantry.

Vincent's Brigade — Griffin's Division--Fifth Corps.

(1) Col. Adelbert Ames, W. P., R. A.; Bvt. Major-Gen. U. S. A. (3) Col. Charles D. Gilmore.
(2) Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain; Bvt. Major-Gen. U. S. V. (4) Col. Ellis Spear; Bvt. Brig. Gen. U. S. V.

companies. killed and died of wounds. died of disease, accidents, in Prison, &c. Total Enrollment.
Officers. Men. Total. Officers. Men. Total.
Field and Staff             19
Company A 2 11 13   19 19 164
  B 1 15 16   11 11 150
  C 1 17 18   10 10 169
  D 1 16 17   15 15 170
  E   13 13   18 18 140
  F 1 19 20 1 15 16 174
  G 2 14 16   8 8 147
  H   12 12   20 20 170
  I   9 9   15 15 157
  K 1 12 13   14 14 161
Totals 9 138 147 1 145 146 1,621

Total of killed and wounded, 528. Died of disease in Confederate prisons, 15.

battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W.
Fredericksburg, Va. 8 Siege of Petersburg, Va. 14
Aldie, Va., June 21, 1863 2 Jerusalem Road, Va. 4
Gettysburg, Pa. 41 Peebles Farm, Va. 13
Sharpsburg Pike, Md. (1863) 1 Boydton Road, Va. 2
Rappahannock Station, Va. 1 Dabney's Mills, Va. 2
Wilderness, Va. 21 Gravelly Run, Va. 3
Spotsylvania, Va. 12 Five Forks, Va. 13
North Anna, Va. 2 Appomattox, Va. 1
Bethesda Church, Va. 5 Place Unknown 2

Present, also, at Antietam; Chancellorsville; Mine Run; Totopotomoy; Weldon Railroad; Hatcher's Run.

notes.--The Twentieth Maine could not well be other than a good regiment, under the tuition and lead of such colonels as Ames and Chamberlain. Ames, who was destined to renown as the central figure at Fort Fisher, left the regiment in a few months, but not until he had lead the men in battle, and given them the benefit of his military training and experience. Colonel Chamberlain, a professor at Bowdoin, left his chair in spite of strenuous remonstrance and opposition, and tendered his services to the State. He, also, made a brilliant reputation as a colonel and a general, and is quoted as having said that “he never left one of his wounded in the hands of the enemy, nor one of his dead without fitting burial.” Chamberlain and his men did much to save the day at Gettysburg, by their prompt and plucky action at Little Round Top. Holding the extreme left on that field, they repulsed a well-nigh successful attempt of the enemy to turn that flank, an episode which forms a conspicuous feature in the history of that battle. Their loss at Gettysburg was 29 killed and 96 wounded. General Bartlett commanded the brigade--3d Brigade, 1st Division, 5th A. C.--at the Wilderness, where the regiment was hotly engaged, May 5th and 6th, with a loss of 13 killed, 82 wounded, and 16 missing. About 200 recruits were received in 1864; in June, 1864, there were only about 275 muskets for duty. It was engaged at Five Forks, with a heavy percentage of loss, and was skirmishing under fire when the surrender took place at Appomattox. After the war closed, the rolls were swelled by accessions from disbanded regiments.


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