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[533] their place. There were, also, 86,724 drafted men who received exemption upon the payment of $300.00 each, in commutation. The best result of the Conscription Act was the stimulus which it gave to volunteering, rather than the number of men directly obtained by its enforcement.

In Table F is given a comparative statement of troops furnished by each State, in proportion to its population. The military population — those between the ages of 18 and 45--as stated in the census of 1860, is used as a basis for calculating the different percentages. The increase of the military population in 1861-62 was greater, proportionately, in the north-western States; and, hence, if the percentage of men furnished were to be figured on a census of 1861-62, their ratios would be decreased more than those of the Atlantic States. It should be understood, also, that the military population was proportionately larger in the new States of the West than in the older States from whence so many of these people emigrated. For instance: in Maine, the white males between the ages of 18 and 45 formed 19.5 per cent. of the whole population; in New York, 20.8; in Kansas, 29.7; and in California, 47.1,--the proportion increasing with the western immigration.

From the statistics in Table F it appears that the States of Delaware and Indiana were preeminently loyal, contributing more largely in proportion to their military population than any of their sister States. Some of the States, notably Connecticut, Kansas, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Ohio, and Illinois, furnished more men than the quotas demanded from them

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