were “present for duty equipped.”
The Army of the Potomac, according to the morning report of April 30, 1864, had an “aggregate present” of 127,471, not including the Ninth Corps.1
As regards the loss in the Union
armies, the greatest battles of the war were:
|Date. ||Battle. ||Killed. ||Wounded. ||Missing. ||Aggregate. |
|July 1-3, 1863. ||Gettysburg ||3,070 ||14,497 ||5,434 ||23,001 |
|May 8-18, 1864. ||Spotsylvania ||2,725 ||13,416 ||2,258 ||18,399 |
|May 5-7, 1864. ||Wilderness ||2,246 ||12,037 ||3,383 ||17,666 |
|Sept. 17, 1862. ||Antietam2 ||2,108 ||9,549 ||753 ||12,410 |
|May 1-3, 1863. ||Chancellorsville ||1,606 ||9,762 ||5,919 ||17,287 |
|Sept. 19-20, 1863. ||Chickamauga ||1,656 ||9,749 ||4,774 ||16,179 |
|June 1-4, 1864. ||Cold Harbor ||1,844 ||9,077 ||1,816 ||12,737 |
|Dec. 11-14, 1862. ||Fredericksburg ||1,284 ||9,600 ||1,769 ||12,653 |
|Aug. 28-30, 1862. ||Manassas3 ||1,747 ||8,452 ||4,263 ||14,462 |
|April 6-7, 1862. ||Shiloh ||1,754 ||8,408 ||2,885 ||13,047 |
|Dec. 31, 1862. ||Stone's River4 ||1,730 ||7,802 ||3,717 ||13,249 |
|June 15-19, 1864. ||Petersburg (Assault) ||1,688 ||8,513 ||1,185 ||11,386 |
As before, the missing includes the captured; but the number missing at Fredericksburg
and Cold Harbor may be fairly added to the killed and wounded, as it represents men who fell in an unsuccessful assault.
In connection with these matters the question naturally arises,--Which were victories, and which were defeats?
To answer fairly and without prejudice would only invite bitter and senseless criticism from both sides.
It is too soon to attempt any discussion of this much vexed topic.
Still, there are certain conceded facts relative to this matter which one might venture to recall to mind.
They may be premised with the military axioms,--that when an army retains possession of the battle field and buries its enemy's dead, it certainly cannot be considered as a defeated army; and that when an army abandons the field, either slowly or in rout, and leaves its dead and wounded in the hands of the enemy, it certainly should not claim a victory.
In the following named battles the Union
armies remained in undisturbed possession of the field, the enemy leaving many of their wounded, and most of their dead unburied
|Rich Mountain, W. Va. ||Antietam, Md. ||Gettysburg, Pa. |
|Williamsburg, Va. ||South Mountain, Md. ||Magnolia Hills, Miss. |
|Crampton's Gap, Md. ||Kernstown, Va. ||Raymond, Miss. |
|Mill Springs, Ky. ||Baton Rouge, La. ||Champion's Hill, Miss. |
|Fort Donelson, Tenn. ||Iuka, Miss. ||Stone's River, Tenn. |
|Shiloh, Tenn. ||Corinth, Miss. ||Missionary Ridge, Tenn. |
|Pea Ridge, Ark. ||Chaplin Hills, Ky. ||Fort Stevens, D. C. |
|Roanoke Island, N. C. ||Resaca, Ga. ||Opequon, Va. |
|New Berne, N. C. ||Atlanta, Ga., July 21-22. ||Cedar Creek, Va. |
|Carter's Farm, Va. ||Piedmont, Va. ||Five Forks, Va. |
|Prairie Grove, Ark. ||Bentonville, N. C. ||Sailor's Creek, Va. |
|Nashville, Tenn. ||Tupelo, Miss. || |