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[47] At Waterloo, the French numbered 80,000 men, and 252 guns;1 the Allies numbered 72,000 men, and 186 guns. At Gettysburg, the Union Army numbered 82,000 men, and 300 guns;2 the Confederates, 70,000 men, and 250 guns.3 At Waterloo, Wellington's army lost 23,185; at Gettysburg, Meade's army lost 23,003. The loss of the French at Waterloo has never been officially announced, but has been estimated at 26,300; the Confederate loss at Gettysburg, as officially reported by the Confederate Surgeon-General, was 20,448, to which must be added 7,077 wounded and unwounded prisoners whose names were omitted from his lists, but whose names appear on the records at Washington. In short, the battles of Waterloo and Gettysburg were fought with from 70,000 to 82,000 men on each side, and the combatants lost about 23,000 men each.

In the Franco-Prussian war, the greatest loss occurred at the battle of Gravelotte, where the Germans lost 4,449 killed (including the mortally wounded), 15,189 wounded, and 939 missing; total, 20,577, out of 146,000 troops engaged, exclusive of 65,000 reserves. At Gettysburg, Meade's army sustained a greater loss with half the number engaged.

It may be suggested that the Franco-Prussian war was, comparatively, of brief duration, and hence a comparison of the aggregate casualties cannot properly be made. But, in the American Civil War, during the six months following May 4, 1864, the various Union armies sustained a greater loss than the German armies did during the whole Franco-Prussian war. The total loss of the German army in that war was 28,277 killed or mortally wounded, 85,482 wounded, and 14,138 missing; total, 127,897.

All historians agree that Borodino was the bloodiest battle since the introduction of gunpowder. The casualties in that battle have been variously stated: The Encyclopedia Brittannica puts the Russian loss at 30,000 in killed, wounded, and prisoners, and the French loss at “considerably above 20,000.” Allison gives the losses at Borodino in round numbers only, placing the French loss at 50,000, and the Russian at 45,000. The most credible statement is found in the Journal of The London Statistical Society, which places the number of killed and wounded in the French army at Borodino at 28,085, out of 133,000 troops present on the field. The Russian army numbered 132,000 at that battle, and there is nothing to show that its loss was greater than that of its antagonist. Although the number of killed and wounded at Borodino was greater, numerically, than at Waterloo and Gettysburg, the percentage of loss was very much less.

The largest armies were marshalled at Leipsic, “the battle of the Nations.” On that field the allies concentrated 330,000 men;4 Napoleon's army numbered 175,000. The statements of the casualties as made by various historians are so conflicting, and are so loosely stated, that no definite idea of the loss can be obtained. It was greater, probably, than at Borodino.

In the American Civil War, the Union Armies lost 110,070 killed or mortally wounded, and 275,175 wounded; total, 385,245, exclusive of the missing in action whose number has not, as yet, been officially stated. Of the 110,070 deaths from battle, 67,058 were killed on the field; the remainder, 43,012, died of their wounds. This loss was divided among the different arms of the service as follows:

1 Allison.

2 The Comte de Paris, in his history of the war, estimates that the union army had only 82,000 actually on the field. Gen. Meade's monthly return of June 30th, shows 99,131 “Present for duty, equipped.” Still, in view of the constant discrepancy between the number reported by Union regiments as “present for duty,” and the number reported by them as taken into action, the estimate of the Comte de Paris may be assumed to be substantially correct. It is very doubtful if Meade had over 82,000 men on the field, including the Sixth Corps, which was in reserve. Historians vary as to the numbers engaged at Waterloo.

3 General Lee had about 60,000 men at Gettysburg, present in action. His cavalry were absent.

4 At the first day's battle there were 275,000 present.

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