, the French
numbered 80,000 men, and 252 guns;1
the Allies numbered 72,000 men, and 186 guns.
, the Union Army
numbered 82,000 men, and 300 guns;2
, 70,000 men, and 250 guns.3
's army lost 23,185; at Gettysburg
's army lost 23,003.
The loss of the French
has never been officially announced, but has been estimated at 26,300; the Confederate
loss at Gettysburg
, as officially reported by the Confederate Surgeon-General
, was 20,448, to which must be added 7,077 wounded and unwounded prisoners whose names were omitted from his lists, but whose names appear on the records at Washington
In short, the battles of Waterloo
were fought with from 70,000 to 82,000 men on each side, and the combatants lost about 23,000 men each.
In the Franco-Prussian war, the greatest loss occurred at the battle of Gravelotte
, where the Germans lost 4,449 killed (including the mortally wounded), 15,189 wounded, and 939 missing; total, 20,577, out of 146,000 troops engaged, exclusive of 65,000 reserves.
's army sustained a greater loss with half the number engaged.
It may be suggested that the Franco-Prussian war was, comparatively, of brief duration, and hence a comparison of the aggregate casualties cannot properly be made.
But, in the American Civil War
, during the six months following May 4, 1864, the various Union armies sustained a greater loss than the German armies did during the whole Franco-Prussian war. The total loss of the German army in that war was 28,277 killed or mortally wounded, 85,482 wounded, and 14,138 missing; total, 127,897.
All historians agree that Borodino
was the bloodiest battle since the introduction of gunpowder.
The casualties in that battle have been variously stated: The Encyclopedia Brittannica puts the Russian
loss at 30,000 in killed, wounded, and prisoners, and the French
loss at “considerably above 20,000.”
gives the losses at Borodino
in round numbers only, placing the French
loss at 50,000, and the Russian
The most credible statement is found in the Journal of The London Statistical Society, which places the number of killed and wounded in the French
army at Borodino
at 28,085, out of 133,000 troops present on the field.
army numbered 132,000 at that battle, and there is nothing to show that its loss was greater than that of its antagonist.
Although the number of killed and wounded at Borodino
was greater, numerically, than at Waterloo
, the percentage of loss was very much less.
The largest armies were marshalled at Leipsic
, “the battle of the Nations.”
On that field the allies concentrated 330,000 men;4 Napoleon
's army numbered 175,000.
The statements of the casualties as made by various historians are so conflicting, and are so loosely stated, that no definite idea of the loss can be obtained.
It was greater, probably, than at Borodino
In the American Civil War
, the Union Armies
lost 110,070 killed or mortally wounded, and 275,175 wounded; total, 385,245, exclusive of the missing in action whose number has not, as yet, been officially stated.
Of the 110,070 deaths from battle, 67,058 were killed on the field; the remainder, 43,012, died of their wounds.
This loss was divided among the different arms of the service as follows: