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[55] Petersburg, June 15, 1864, Hinks' Division achieved a brilliant success, capturing the line of works in its front, and seven pieces of artillery. Had the Army of the Potomac arrived in time to follow up the success of the colored troops, Petersburg would have been taken then; but, by the time that the Eighteenth corps was reinforced, Lee's army had hurried thither by rail and were filing into the intrenchments. The opportunity was gone. In this assault of June 15th, the casualty lists show that the temporary success of the Colored Division was dearly obtained. Among the heavier losses were:

Regiment. Killed. Wounded.1 Missing Total.
4th U. S. Colored Infantry 15 110 10 135
22d U. S. Colored Infantry 14 116 8 138

The first opportunity to go into action granted Ferrero's Division, was at the Mine Explosion, or battle of The Crater, at Petersburg, July 30, 1864. This division was selected to lead the assault; but, at the last moment, the order was changed and it was sent in last. It was not ordered forward until the assault was a bloody failure, and although it did all that men could do, it was unable to retrieve the disaster. This change of plan relieved the colored regiments of all responsibilty for that defeat. Still, they fought bravely, and held their ground under the most discouraging circumstances. How well they stood is attested by their terrible losses.

casualties in Ferrero's Division at the battle of the Mine, July 30, 1864.

Regiment. Killed. Wounded.2 Missing.3 Total.
23d U. S. Colored Infantry 74 115 121 310
29th U. S. Colored Infantry 21 56 47 124
31st U. S. Colored Infantry 27 42 66 135
43d U. S. Colored Infantry 14 86 23 123
30th U. S. Colored Infantry 18 104 78 200
39th U. S. Colored Infantry 13 97 47 157
28th U. S. Colored Infantry 11 64 13 88
27th U. S. Colored Infantry 9 46 20 75
19th U. S. Colored Infantry 22 87 6 115
Total 209 697 421 1,327

To any one familiar with the extent of regimental losses in action, these figures tell a heroic story.

Hard fighting was also done by colored troops at Chaffin's Farm, September 29, 1864, where Paine's Division (colored) of the Eighteenth Corps, and Birney's4 Colored Brigade of the Tenth Corps--in all, about 10,000 strong — were actively engaged. These troops participated in the assaults on Fort Gilmer and the intrenchments at New Market Heights. Among the regiments sustaining the heaviest losses were the following:

Regiment. Killed. Wounded.5 Missing. Total.
6th U. S. Colored Infantry 41 160 8 209
5th U. S. Colored Infantry 28 185 23 236
4th U. S. Colored Infantry 27 137 14 178
36th U. S. Colored Infantry 21 87   108
38th U. S. Colored Infantry 17 94   111

1 Includes the mortally wounded.

2 Includes the mortally wounded.

3 A large proportion of the missing were killed or wounded.

4 Gen. William Birney. Maj.-Gen. David Birney commanded the Tenth Corps in this battle.

5 Includes the mortally wounded.

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Edward Ferrero (2)
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