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[80] had attained a strength of 32,397 present for duty, with an aggregate, present and absent, of 43,648. Getty's Division was composed largely of veteran regiments which had served previously in the Ninth Corps.


Seventh Corps.
(Department of Arkansas.)


As a result of the juggling with corps numbers by the Washington authorities, there occurs another duplication of titles. This corps was organized Jan. 6, 1864, and was formed by the consolidation of the troops in the Department of Arkansas. The command of the corps was given to Major-General Frederick Steele: the divisions were commanded by Generals Salomon and Thayer, with a cavalry division attached, under General E. A. Carr. The corps was continued in service until the close of the war.

The principal part of its fighting was done in Arkansas while on Steele's Expedition, during which a general engagement occurred at Jenkins' Ferry, on the Saline River. In this action the corps lost 64 killed, 378 wounded, and 86 missing; total, 528. General Samuel A. Rice, commanding the First Brigade of Salomon's (1st) Division, was mortally wounded in this battle. At this time the corps was composed of 17 regiments of infantry, 5 batteries of light artillery, and 10 regiments of cavalry.


Eighth Corps.


These battles, which occurred between May 9th and October 19th, 1864, were fought wholly, or in part, by the Army of West Virginia, which was, for the most part, identical with the forces in the two divisions under General George Crook. These two divisions, by a provisional arrangement, formed a part of the Eighth Corps, and eventually came to he known as the corps itself.

The Eighth Corps proper was created by General Orders No. 84, July 22, 1862, which designated the troops under Major-General John E. Wool as the Eighth Corps. These forces were stationed in Maryland, at Annapolis, Baltimore, Harper's Ferry, along the Baltimore & Ohio R. R., east of Cumberland, and along the railroad from Harper's Ferry to Winchester, Va.

During the summer of 1864,and, also, in Sheridan's campaigns in the Valley, the Eighth Corps was commanded by General George Crook; the First Division, comprising three brigades, was commanded by Colonel Joseph Thoburn; the Second Division, containing two brigades, was commanded by Colonel Isaac H. Duval. There were 22 regiments of infantry in the two divisions. Colonel Thoburn was killed at Cedar Creek, the last battle in which the corps participated. Colonel Duval was wounded at Opequon, whereupon Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes succeeded to the command of Duval's (2d) Division. The field return of troops, dated September 10, 1864, shows that the Army of West VirginiaCrook's two divisions — had only 7,507 effective men.

At the battle of Winchester, however, July 24, 1864, Crook's command contamed three divisions, Sullivan's, Duval's. and Mulligan's. Colonel Mulligan, the hero of Lexington, was killed in that battle, and his division was cut up so badly that it was consolidated into one brigade, which was transferred to the First Division, where it became tlhe Third Brigade (Campbell's) of that division.

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