IV. Cold Harbor
the Confederate Army was gradually forced back on Richmond
At Cool Arbor, or Cold Harbor as it is usually called, almost in sight of the southern capital, Grant
ordered a frontal attack of the strongly entrenched enemy.
The engagement was unsuccessful and the Union
This battle has been much criticized, and is considered the most severe blemish on Grant
's military reputation.
He now determined to make for the James River
to the west, the army marched south, and the advanced guard reached the river on June 13.
The Army of the Potomac was moved across the James
, and took up its position in the neighborhood of City Point
— a district already in the possession of Federal forces, which had advanced up the river under Butler
The loss of the Union Army
, from the time it crossed the Rapidan
122,000 strong until it reached the James
, was within a few men of 55,000, which was almost equal to Lee
's whole force in the Wilderness
The Confederate loss is unknown, but it was certainly very much smaller.1