After these additions to the forces engaged, we had nine regiments and two companies of infantry, two hundred and fifty cavalry, and five field-batteries (twenty guns) of the Army of the Shenandoah, and twenty-seven companies of infantry, six companies of cavalry, and six pieces of artillery of the Army of the Potomac, contending with three divisions of the United States army and superior forces of cavalry and artillery; yet the brave Southern volunteers lost not a foot of ground, but repelled the repeated attacks of the heavy masses of the enemy, whose numbers enabled them to bring forward fresh troops after each repulse.
contributed materially to one of these repulses, by a well-timed and vigorous charge upon the Federal
right flank with two of his companies, those of Captains Welby Carter
and J. B. Hoge
It must not be supposed that such successful resistance by the Southern
troops was due in any degree to want of prowess in their assailants.
The army they fought belonged to a people who had often contended on the field on at least
equal terms with the nation that had long claimed to be the most martial in Europe
The Northern army had the disadvantage, a great one to such undisciplined troops as were engaged on both sides, of being the assailants, and advancing under fire to the attack, which can be well done only by trained soldiers.
They were much more liable to confusion, therefore, than the generally stationary ranks of the Confederates
About two o'clock an officer of General Beauregard
's adjutant-general's office galloped from Manassas Junction
to report to me that a Federal army had