Origin of the Confederate battle-flag.
After the battle of Manassas
, in 1861, it was observed by the principal officers of the Army of Northern Virginia that it was difficult to distinguish, in the field, the Confederate
from the United States
I attempted to get rid of this inconvenience by procuring for each regiment its State colors.
In this I was unsuccessful, except as to the Virginia
had the State
colors made for each of them, brought them to the army himself, and delivered them to the troops with his own hands.
After failing in this attempt, I determined to have colors for use before the enemy made for the army, and asked (in the army) for designs.
Many were offered, and one of several presented by General Beauregard
I modified it only by making the shape square instead of oblong, and prescribed the different sizes for infantry, artillery, and cavalry.
The proper number was then made under the direction of Major W. L. Cabell
, the chief quartermaster
of the army, and paid for with the funds in his hands for military purposes.