The Federal intrenchments, in front of which General McClellan
had encamped his army, had been greatly extended by him, and they covered the heights on the Virginia
side of the Potomac
from a point above Georgetown
to the hill south of Alexandria
The accessions to the army since July 21st had been the excellent brigade of Georgians formed and brought to Virginia
by General Toombs
, two regiments from Mississippi
, and one each from North Carolina
, South Carolina
, and Texas
The consequences of neglect on the part of the Government
of the Confederate States
to prepare for a great war before its actual commencement, were now severely felt.
While the United States
was organizing an army of half a million of men, almost half of whom were assembling in front of Washington
, we, with a population far more eager to defend their country than that of the Northern States
to invade it, were able to add but ten regiments, averaging little more than five hundred men, to our principal army.
If arms and ammunition could have been furnished then, hands to use them would have been offered promptly, and the Confederate army would have outnumbered that which the Federal Government
was forming for our subjugation.
It was reported, about the end of August, that General A. S. Johnston
, coming from California
by the southern (land) route, had entered the Confederacy
; and, on the 31st of the month, the President
nominated five persons to be generals in the Confederate army: First, S. Cooper
, to rank from May 16th, the date of the law creating the grade; second, A. S.