- General Sherman advances on Jackson with large force. -- dispositions made for its defense. -- correspondence by telegraph with the President. -- daily skirmishing. -- enemy expected to attack. -- instead of attacking, begin a siege. -- evacuation of Jackson. -- army withdrawn to Morton. -- enemy, after burning much of Jackson, retire to Vicksburg. -- relieved of command of Department of Tennessee. -- General Bragg's telegram; suggestion too late. -- review of the Mississippi campaign. -- visit Mobile to examine its defenses. -- letter from the President, commenting harshly on my military conduct. -- my reply to it. -- Congress calls for the correspondence. -- my letter not furnished. -- both letters. -- events during the fall. -- ordered to take command of the army at Dalton. -- arrive on 26th and assume command on 27th of December.
About seven o'clock in the morning of the 9th of July General Sherman, with three corps of the Federal army, appeared before the slight line of fieldworks thrown up for the defense of Jackson by General Pemberton's orders. These works, consisting of a very light line of rifle-pits, with low embankments at intervals to cover field-pieces, extended from a point north of the town, and a little east of the Canton road, to one south of it within a short distance of Pearl River, and covered the approaches to the place west of the river. These intrenchments were very badly located and constructed, and offered very slight obstacle to a vigorous assault. The commanding officers of the comparatively small bodies of our troops that had encamped near Jackson in May and June, had reported that no other