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Doc. 96.-peace meeting at Nyack, N. Y. July 15, 1861.

The Peace Meeting at Nyack, Rockland County, was one of the largest and most enthusiastic meetings ever held in that county. Not less than 1,800 people were present, representing the wealth, respectability, and intelligence of that region of country. No doubt the meeting was increased in size very much by the effors of the Republicans to intimidate by threatening to shed the blood of those who should dare to assemble in a council of peace.

But so far from any attempt at violence being made, the whole vast throng appeared to be animated with the one impulse of unbounded enthusiasm in the cause of freedom of speech, and of the right of self-government as it was established by our forefathers. The speeches, which were made by Mr. Burr and Mr. Van Loon, occupied nearly three hours, and were constantly interrupted by the wildest demonstrations of approval. Such was the enthusiasm created on the occasion, that, before the crowd dispersed, it was unanimously resolved to hold another meeting at the centre of the county.

The following resolutions were unanimously adopted:--

1. Resolved, That, while we yield to none in love for the Union of our States, in respect and attachment to our glorious flag, and in fealty and willing obedience to the Constitution and laws of the United States, we nevertheless protest against the attempt to subjugate the people of any State, to bayonet them into a love for our Union, or sabre them into brotherhood.

2. Resolved, That our government was based upon the cardinal principal “that all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed,” as proclaimed by Thomas Jefferson, the great Apostle of Democracy — a principle sacredly held and maintained by every eminent statesman and jurist in our land from the time of the Declaration of Independence until the accession of the present Administration to power.

3. Resolved, That we believe that “war is final and eternal disunion,” as declared by the late lamented Douglas; that a continuance of the present war must surely eventuate in a perpetual separation and division of our once happy and glorious Union.

4. Resolved, That we appeal to our brethren throughout the land, North as well as South, to raise their voices once more for peace and for Union. We appeal to all, by the memory of our common ancestry, our common sacrifices our common history, by the glories of the past, and the hopes of the future.

5. Resolved, That every government having a written constitution for its guide, should strictly adhere to its very letter, and no emergency can justify its violation. That the frequent violations of the Constitution of the United States by the present Executive, and by those under his authority, deserve and should receive the unqualified condemnation of every American citizen.

6. Resolved, That the incarceration of John Merryman, George F. Kane, and others at Baltimore, by a military officer, in obedience to the command of the President, without color of law; the utter disregard of the writ of “habeas corpus;” and the contempt shown for the decision of the highest tribunal in our land, are acts of high-handed injustice and aggression which call for rebuke from every constitution-loving and law-abiding citizen.

7. Resolved, That the outrages attempted to be practised by the Superintendent of Police of New York city, through those under him in authority, in arresting Frederick A. Guion while in the lawful and peaceful exercise of the rights of a freeman and an American citizen, while circulating and procuring names to a respectful petition to the President of the United States, has no parallel in the annals of despotism, is disgusting for its baseness, contemptible for its craven and sycophantic imitation, and outrageous for its unparalleled violation of private rights.

8. Resolved, That an enormous standing army, such as is recommended by the President, is repugnant to the principles of our Government and dangerous to the liberties of a free people, involving the expenditure of a vast amount of money, which must be wrung from the people by burthensome taxation directly or indirectly; induces the assumption of arbitrary power, and in all republics of history has led the way for successful generals to despotic thrones.

9. Resolved, That we earnestly entreat our fellow-citizens throughout the length and breadth of our land, without distinction of party, to meet together and place the seal of popular condemnation upon the acts of violence and aggression which are dividing our beloved Union, inviting foreign interference, subverting constitutional and State rights, educating a republican people to favor a dictatorship, destructive to the dearest rights of freemen, and tending to the wildest anarchy and despotism.

10. Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, signed by the officers of this meeting, be sent to the Hon. Edward Haight, Member of Congress from this Congressional District, and that he be requested to use every effort to stay the present fratricidal war, and urge a just compromise of pending difficulties.

11. Resolved, That the newspapers published in this county, the New York Daily News, New York Herald, Day Book, Journal of Commerce, [312] and Evening Express be requested to publish these resolutions.--N. Y. Day Book, July 16.

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