their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them; and, in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the Confederate States
4.--The President and Vice-President
, and all civil officers of the Confederate States
, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, or conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
1.--The judicial power of the Confederate States
shall be vested in one Superior Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress
may from time to time ordain and establish.
The judges, both of the Supreme
and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
2.--The judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution
, the laws of the Confederate States
, or treaties made or which shall be made under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls; to all cases of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the Confederate States
shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and citizens of another State, where the State
is plaintiff; between citizens claiming lands under grants of different States, and between a State or the citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects; but no State shall be sued by a citizen or subject of any foreign State.
2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction.
In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress
3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State
where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress
may by law have directed.
3.--Treason against the Confederate States
shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort.
No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.
1.--Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
And the Congress
may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.
2.--The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States, and shall have the right of transit and sojourn in any State of this Confederacy, with their slaves and other property; and the right of property in said slaves shall not be thereby impaired.
2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other crime against the laws of such State, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the State
from which he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the State
having jurisdiction of the crime.
3. No slave or other person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the Confederate States
, under the laws thereof, escaping or unlawfully carried into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor; but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such slave belongs, or to whom such service or labor may be due.
3.--Other States may be admitted into this Confederacy by a vote of two-thirds of the whole House of Representatives, and two-thirds of the Senate, the Senate voting by States; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress
2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations concerning the property of the Confederate States
, including the lands thereof.
3. The Confederate States
may acquire new territory; and Congress shall have power to legislate and provide governments for the inhabitants of all territory belonging to the Confederate States
, lying without the limits of the several States, and may permit them, at such times, and in such manner as it may by law provide, to form States to be admitted into the Confederacy
In all such territory, the institution of negro slavery, as it now exists in the Confederate States
, shall be recognized and protected by Congress and by the territorial government; and the inhabitants of the several Confederate States
and Territories shall have the right to take to such territory any slaves lawfully held by them in any of the States or Territories of the Confederate States