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Doc. 4. Gen. Wool's order.

Headquarters, Department of Virginia, &c., Fortress Monroe, August 24, 1861.
General Orders, No. 4:
I. Many of the inhabitants of Elizabeth City and County complain of depredations having been committed on their property by soldiers stationed in their neighborhoods. All such persons, or others residing within the pale of this command, engaged in farming, cultivating their fields and gardens, tending their flocks or herds, or bringing provisions or supplies to the several camps or posts for the use of the troops, and pursuing peacefully their ordinary avocations, and who do not communicate directly or indirectly with the rebel forces, and who may comply with such orders as may be given them, will be protected in their persons and property. Any violation of this order by either officers or soldiers, or any parties interested, will be severely punished, and those who force a safeguard, on conviction before a court-martial, will be punished with death.

II. The attention of all who are embraced in this order, and of all citizens whose business brings them within the limits of this command, whether by land or water, is called to the fifty-sixth and fifty-seventh Articles of War, as follows:

56. Whoever shall relieve the enemy with money, victuals, or ammunition, or shall knowingly harbor or protect an enemy, shall suffer death or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court-martial.

57. Whoever shall be convicted of holding correspondence with or giving intelligence to the enemy, either directly or indirectly, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court-martial.

III. No officers, soldiers, or citizens will be allowed to go out or come in, by the pickets, without orders from these Headquarters. Persons arriving at the pickets and wishing to come inside, will be detained until their business [3] can be made known to these Headquarters, and proper permission given. This does not apply to persons bringing provisions, who are already provided with properly-signed passes.

IV. No citizen will be allowed to pass beyond Mill Creek Bridge, or to any of the camps, without a pass from these Headquarters, or from the provost-marshal of Fort Monroe.

V. The provost-marshals, commanding officers, and officers in charge of guards and pickets, are directed, as far as possible, to prevent any violation by officers, soldiers, or citizens, to arrest the offender and immediately report the circumstances of the case to these Headquarters.

By command of

Major-General Wool. C. C. Churchill, First Lieutenant Third Artillery, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
General Wool requests the Captain of the steamer Georgiana to make the contents of the above order known to the persons employed on his ship.

By order of General Wool. C. C. Churchill, A. A. A.-G.

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