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[358] Crump's Landing, the Second, two miles from that Landing, and the Third, at Adamsville, two miles and a half further on the road to Purdy.

The Eleventh Indiana, Col. Geo. F. McGinnis; Eighth Missouri, Lieut.-Col. James Peckham; and Twenty-fourth Indiana, Colonel Alvin P. Hovey, composed the First brigade, Colonel Morgan L. Smith commanding.

The First Nebraska, Lieut.-Colonel W. D. McCord; Twenty-third Indiana, Col. W. L. Sanderson; Fifty-eighth Ohio, Col. V. Bausenwein; and Fifty-sixth Ohio, Col. P. Kinney, composed the Second brigade, Col. John M. Thayer commanding.

The Third brigade consisted of the Twentieth Ohio, Lieut.-Colonel M. F. Force; Seventy-sixth Ohio, Colonel Charles R. Woods; Seventy-eighth Ohio, Col. M. D. Leggett; and the Sixty-eighth Ohio, Col. S. H. Steadman, Col. Charles Whittlesey commanding.

To my division were attached Lieut. Thurber's Missouri battery, and Capt. Thompson's Indiana battery, also the Third battalion Fifth Ohio cavalry, Major C. T. Hayes, and the Third battalion Eleventh Illinois cavalry, Major James F. Johnson.

Hearing heavy and continuous cannonading in the direction of Pittsburgh Landing, early Sunday morning, I inferred a general battle, and in anticipation of an order from Gen. Grant to join him at that place, had the equipage of the several brigades loaded in wagons, for instant removal to my first camp at the river. The First and Third brigades were also ordered to concentrate at the camp of the Second, from which proceeded the nearest and most practicable road to the scene of battle.

At half-past 11 o'clock the anticipated order arrived, directing me to come up and take position on the right of the army, and form my line of battle at a right angle with the river. As it also directed me to leave a force to prevent surprise at Crump's Landing, the Fifty-sixth and Sixty-eighth Ohio regiments were detached for that purpose, with one gun from Lieut. Thurber's battery.

Selecting a road that led directly to the right of the lines, as they were established around Pittsburgh Landing on Sunday morning, my column started immediately, the distance being about six miles. The cannonading, distinctly audible, quickened the steps of the men. Snake Creek, difficult of passage at all times, on account of its steep banks and swampy bottom, ran between me and the point of junction. A short distance from it Capts. Rawlins and Rowley, attached to Gen. Grant's staff, overtook me. From them I learned that our lines had been beaten back; that the right, to which I was proceeding, was then fighting close to the river, and that the road pursued would take me in the enemy's rear, where, in the unfortunate condition of the battle, my command was in danger of being entirely cut off. It seemed, on their representations, most prudent to carry the column across to what is called the “river road,” which, following the windings of the Tennessee bottom, crossed Snake Creek by a good bridge close to Pittsburgh Landing. This movement occasioned a counter-march, which delayed my junction with the main army until a little after nightfall.

About one o'clock at night my brigades and batteries were disposed, forming the extreme right wing, and ready for battle. Shortly after daybreak Capt. Thompson opened fire on a rebel battery posted on a bluff opposite my First brigade, and across a deep and prolonged hollow, threaded by a creek, and densely wooded on both sides. From its position, and that of its infantry supports, lining the whole length of the bluff, it was apparent that crossing the hollow would be at heavy loss, unless the battery was first driven off. Thurber was accordingly posted to assist Thompson by a cross-fire, and at the same time sweep the hiding-places of the enemy on the brow of the hill. This had the desired effect. After a few shells from Thurber, the enemy fell back, but not until Thompson had dismounted one of their rifled guns. During this affair Gen. Grant came up, and gave me my direction of attack, which was forward at a right angle with the river, with which my line at the time ran almost parallel.

The battery and its supports having been driven from the opposite bluff, my command was pushed forward, the brigades in echelon, the first in front, and the whole preceded by skirmishers. The hollow was crossed, and the hill gained almost without opposition. As General Sherman's division, next on my left, had not made its appearance to support my advance, a halt was ordered for it to come up.

I was then at the edge of an oblong field that extended in a direction parallel with the river. On its right was a narrow strip of woods, and beyond that lay another cleared field, square, and very large. Back of both fields, to the north, was a range of bluffs overlooking the swampy low grounds of Snake Creek, heavily timbered, broken by ravines, and extending in a course diagonal with that of my movement. An examination satisfied me that the low grounds afforded absolute protection to my right flank, being impassable for a column of attack. The enemy's left had rested upon the bluffs, and as it had been driven back that flank was now exposed. I resolved to attempt to turn it. For that purpose it became necessary for me to change front by a left half-wheel of the whole division. While the movement was in progress, across a road through the woods at the southern end of the field, we were resting by, I discovered a heavy body of rebels going rapidly to reinforce their left, which was still retiring, covered by skirmishers, with whom mine were engaged. Thompson's battery was ordered up, and shelled the passing column with excellent effect, but while so engaged was opened upon by a full battery, planted in the field just beyond the strip of woods on the right. He promptly turned his guns on the new enemy. A fine artillery duel ensued, very honorable to Thompson and his company. His ammunition


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