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[360] grand and terrific. Before us was the Crescent regiment of New-Orleans; shelling us on the right was the Washington artillery of Manassas renown, whose last stand was in front of Col. Whittlesey's command. To and fro, now in my front, then in Sherman's, rode Gen. Beauregard, inciting his troops and fighting for his fading prestige of invincibility. The desperation of the struggle may be easily imagined. While this was in progress, far along the lines to the left the contest was raging with equal obstinacy. As indicated by the sounds, however, the enemy seemed retiring everywhere. Cheer after cheer rang through the woods, and each man felt the day was ours.

About four o'clock the enemy to my front broke into rout and ran through the camps occupied by Gen. Sherman on Sunday morning. Their own camp had been established about two miles beyond. There, without halting, they fired tents, stores, etc. Throwing out the wounded, they piled their wagons full of arms, (Springfield muskets and Enfield rifles,) ingloriously thrown away by some of our troops the day before, and hurried on. After following them until nearly nightfall, I brought my division back to Owl Creek and bivouacked it.

The conduct of Col. M. L. Smith and Col. John M. Thayer, commanding brigades, was beyond the praise of words; Col. Whittlesey's was not behind them. To them all belong the brightest honors of victory.

The gratitude of the whole country is due Col. George F. McGinnis, Lieut.-Col. James Peckham. Col. Alvin P. Hovey, Lieut.-Col. W. D. McCord, Col. W. L. Sanderson, Col. Valentine Bausenwein, Lieut.-Col. M. F. Force, Col. Charles R. Woods, Col. M. D. Leggett, and their field, staff and company officers. Aside from the courage they all displayed, one point in their conduct is especially to be noted and imitated. I mean the skill each one showed in avoiding unnecessary exposure of his soldiers. They are proud of what the division achieved — and, like myself, they are equally proud that it was all done with so little loss of their brave men.

Of my regiments I find it impossible to say enough: excepting the Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Indiana. and Twentieth Ohio, all had participated in the battle of Donelson. But this was a greater than Donelson, and consequently a more terrible ordeal in which to test what may be a thing of glory or shame — the courage of an untried regiment. How well they all behaved I sum up in the boast — not a man, officer or soldier, flinched; none but the wounded went to the Landing. Ohio, Indiana, Missouri and Nebraska, will be proud of the steadfast Third division, and so am I.

Capt. Thompson and Lieut. Thurber and their officers and men have already been spoken of.

My acknowledgments are again given the gallant gentlemen of my staff--Capt. Fred. Knefler and Lieutenants Ross and Ware. To them I add Capt. E. T. Wallace, of the Eleventh Indiana Volunteers, acting bid. The courage and judgment of all of them were many times severely tried.

After the battle, Gen. Nelson took pleasure in honorably mentioning two of my orderlies; one of them, Thomas W. Simpson, of company I, Fourth U. S. cavalry. I again call attention to his gallantry, as deserving reward. Along with him I place Albert Kaufman, a sergeant in the same company, who was of great service to me, and has every quality that goes to make a practical officer.

Finally, it is so rare to find one of his grade in the constant and full performance of his peculiar duties that, as a matter of justice, a passing tribute is due the Rev. John D. Rogers, chaplain of the Twenty-third Indiana. After the battle he was unwearied in his attention to the wounded, and that the resting-places of the dead of his regiment might not be forgotten, he collected their bodies and buried them tenderly, and with prayer and every religious rite, and in this, as far as my knowledge goes, he was as singular as he was Christian.

Herewith you will find a statement of the dead and wounded of my division.

Very respectfully, sir, your obedient servant,

Lew. Wallace, Commanding Third Division.


Brig.-Gen. Rousseau's report.

battle-field of Shiloh, April 12, 1862.
General: I have the honor to report to you, as commander of the Second division of the army of the Ohio, the part taken by my brigade in the battle at this place on the seventh inst.

After a very arduous march on Sunday, the sixth inst., during much of which I was forced to take the fields and woods adjacent to the highway from the narrowness of the latter, and its being filled with wagon-trains and artillery, and for me at that time impassable, we reached Savannah after dark. Under your orders and superintendence, we at once embarked on steamboats for this place. We reached the Landing here at daylight, and soon after reported to you as ready for action. Under your order, and accompanied by you, we marched out on the field of the day before, a little after six o'clock A. M. Soon after, Gen. Buell came up and directed you to deploy and form line of battle, our left resting on Gen. Crittenden's right, and our right extending in the direction of Gen. McClernand's division, and to send out a company of skirmishers into the woods in front. This was done at once--Major King detaching Captain Haughey for that purpose. Within half an hour after this, you looked over the ground, and decided to take a position some two or three hundred yards to the front, on the crest of a piece of rising ground. I moved up the brigade accordingly, taking the new position indicated. In this line, a battalion of the Fifteenth United States infantry, Capt. Swain, and a battalion of the Sixteenth United States infantry, Capt. Townsend, both under the command of Major John H. King, were on the right; a battalion of the Nineteenth infantry, Major Carpenter, on the left of King; First Ohio, Colonel B. F. Smith, on Carpenter's left; and the Sixth Indiana, Colonel


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