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[370] aid, about eight o'clock, ordering us to march at once to guard the Purdy road at a designated point about two and a half miles from Pittsburgh Landing. The regiment, numbering four hundred and fifty officers and men, was promptly formed and marched out without rations or blankets to the place assigned, and took position. By this order the regiment was detached from the brigade, and, not having any instructions as to where it (the brigade) was formed, was left under no brigade or division commander. Hence it was reported to Brigadier-Gen. Sherman for orders.

Standing thus in line of battle for some twenty minutes, we were able to rally to ours, fragments of three regiments, and form them on the left of our own. About nine o'clock General Sherman ordered our regiment to the left of his division to engage in the conflict there going on. As soon as we were in line we commenced firing and advancing. We gradually gained ground that had been lost; but the enemy, being constantly reinforced by fresh troops, obliged us to fall back with others to our first position. During this engagement, the regiment suffered severely, particularly in officers. The Lieutenant-Colonel, Adjutant, Sergeant-Major, two Captains, and others being wounded, retired, or were borne from the field. The Major also — who was struck, as he reports to me, on his breast-plate, stunned, but not wounded — retired, thus leaving me alone without a field or staff-officer, and on foot, my horses having escaped. Capt. Haile, while rallying his men, was severely wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel St. James was mortally wounded while in his place in line, and has since died. The officers and men did their whole duty. Had the regiment been supported, we should have captured the battery which fired so destructively. After advancing and falling back several times, the regiment was forced to retire, with all the others there, to the road which crosses the Purdy road at right angles, near Gen. McArthur's Headquarters. We here took up quarters for the night, bivouacking without fires, within four hundred yards of our regimental camp. The rain fell in torrents, and the men, lying in water and mud, were as weary in the morning as they had been the evening before.

In the morning the regiment advanced in line of battle toward their former position. This regiment, by order of Gen. McClernand, was detached and detailed to support a battery of two pieces which were placed under the command of the undersigned, and the fact of detention reported to Gen. Sherman. We were to retain our position in the ravine until further orders. Shortly after an order came to the commanding officer of the battery to advance to the brow of a hill some distance off. A regiment of the same brigade was placed to sustain it, and this regiment (Thirteenth Missouri) proceeded to regain Gen. Sherman's line. After regaining the line we lay immediately behind our batteries, which were firing on the enemy, receiving his fire, killing many in range. We were ordered into line of battle and advance on the left. The regiment went forward under a heavy fire, and firing as rapidly as possible. The colors were advanced from time to time, by Capt. Wright, some hundred yards, and the regiment moved forward to sustain them. Color Sergeant Wm. Ferguson was shot down, and Sergeant Beem, of company C, seized the colors before they touched the ground and advanced them still further. When the colors had thus been advanced from time to time an entire distance of about one half-mile the enemy retreating, and had reached a position several hundred yards in front, unsupported, the ammunition of the command failed and could not be supplied. I then ordered Lieut. Kesner, of company B, forward to command Capt. Wright to advance the colors no further, as he could not be supported, the regiment having no ammunition and not being in strength sufficient to charge. In executing this order the Lieutenant was wounded in the head. We fell back for ammunition behind full regiments in line in our rear, sending word why.

On obtaining a supply of ammunition, the regiment was again advanced; but no more engagements took place after that, the enemy having retired. The regiment bivouacked on the ground in advance without cover, lying in the rain and mud a second night. Tuesday morning we returned exhausted to our camp and brigade.

During these two days all the men of the command were utterly exhausted, and the killed and wounded are as follows:

Lieut.-Col. St. James, wounded mortally, since died.

Adjutant Fay, badly bruised, his horse being killed and falling on him.

Sergeant Major, wounded by the limb of a tree cut off by a cannon-ball.

Major Anderson, stunned slightly, the ball striking his steel breast-plate, as he reports to me.

Capt. Haile, wounded severely.

Capt. Klein, wounded slightly.

Capt. O'Cain, wounded slightly.

Lieut. Kesner, wounded severely.

Lieut. Delavie, wounded severely.

Lieut. Morelen, wounded slightly.

Capts Klein and O'Cain, and Lieuts. Kesner and Morelen returned to the field as soon as their wounds were dressed.


non-commissioned officers and Privates.

 N. C. Off.Privates.N. C. Off.Privates.Privates.
Co. A,2  111
Co. B,1422 
Co. C,  14 
Co. D,  12 
Co. E,  43 
Co. F,  421
Co. G,  13 
Co. H,  1112
Co. I,1114 
Co. K,1134 

Field Officers,11 
Staff, 1 
Non-commissioned Staff, 1 
Company officers, commanders, 6 
Company non-commissioned offi's,518 
Total casualties,89

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