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[379] engagement with the enemy on the sixth and seventh instant.

Early on the morning of the sixth, the alarm was given, and heavy firing in the distance indicated that our camp was attacked. The regiment was formed in front of its color-line, its full force, consisting of ten hundred and seventeen men rank and file. It was at once ordered to form on the left of the Second brigade, and it proceeded to that position at a double-quick, and was there formed in line of battle, in a skirt of wood bordering on an open field, to the left of a battery. Here it remained for some time inactive, while the enemy's guns were playing on our battery. In the mean time a large force of the enemy's infantry were firing around the open field in front of our line, protected by the woods, and in the direction of our battery. Opening a heavy fire of musketry on the infantry stationed on our right, and charging upon our battery, the infantry and battery to the right having given way, and the enemy advancing at double-quick, we gave them one round of musketry and also gave way. At this time we, as indeed all our troops in the immediate vicinity of the battery, were thrown into great confusion and retired in disorder. Having retreated to the distance of one or two hundred yards, we succeeded in rallying and forming a good line, the Eighth and Eighteenth Illinois Volunteers on our left, and having fronted to the enemy, held our position there under a continuous fire of cannon and musketry, until after twelve o'clock, when we were ordered to retire and take up a new position. This we did in good order and without confusion. Here having formed a new line, we maintained it under incessant fire until half-past 4 o'clock P. M., the men conducting themselves with great gallantry and coolness, and doing great execution on the enemy, repulsing charge after charge and driving him back with great loss. At half-past 4 o'clock we were again ordered to fall back. In obeying this order, we became mixed up with a great number of regiments, falling back in confusion, so that our line was broken and the regiment separated, rendering it very difficult to collect it, but finally having succeeded in forming, and being separated from the brigade, we attached ourselves to the division commanded by Col. Tuttle, of the Second Iowa Volunteers, and formed with his division in front of the encampments of the Fourteenth, Seventh, and Second Iowa Volunteers, when we sustained a heavy fire from the enemy's battery until dark, and there remained during the night resting on our arms. During the day we were under fire of the enemy for ten hours, and sustained a loss of twenty-three, and one hundred and thirty wounded.

On the morning of the seventh we were ordered to continue with Col. Tuttle's division, and to follow up and support our forces, that were attacking and driving back the enemy. We followed them up closely, moving to support the batteries, until the enemy was routed; after which we were ordered to return to the encampment that we had left on Sunday morning, where we arrived at eight o'clock P. M. Our total loss in action of the sixth and seventh is, killed, twenty-four; wounded, one hundred and thirty-nine; missing, nine; total, one hundred and seventy-two.

The men for the most part behaved with great gallantry; all the officers exhibited the greatest bravery and coolness, and I call especial attention to the gallant conduct of my field-officers, Lieut.-Col. Price and Major Shane, who were both wounded in the action of the sixth, and acknowledge my great obligation to my Adjutant, Lieut. Wilson, who, during the entire action, exhibited the highest qualities of a soldier.

Respectfully, etc.,

M. M. Crocker, Colonel Thirteenth Iowa Infantry.

headquarters of the First regiment, First division, camp near Pittsburgh, Tenn., April 8, 1862.
Major Brayman, Assistant Adjutant-General:
sir: I have the honor to report the part taken by the First brigade of the First division in the action of the sixth and seventh instant:

After a quarter-past four o'clock P. M., of the sixth, at which time Col. A. M. Hare was wounded and carried off the field, and the command devolved upon me — at this time the Thirteenth Iowa Volunteers, Eighth and Eighteenth Illinois Volunteers, retired together, in obedience to command of Col. Hare, and were rallied by me and formed, after we had retired to a position in front of the camp of the Fourteenth Iowa Volunteers, and for the rest of the day and until the enemy was repulsed, they maintained that position, under constant and galling fire from the enemy's artillery. The fire of the enemy's guns ceased at dark, and during the night we remained under arms in that position. On the morning of the seventh we were ordered to advance with the division at that time commanded by Colonel Tuttle, of the Second Iowa Volunteers, infantry, and form a reserve to the advance of our forces that were driving back the enemy, and to support our batteries, which we did during the day, most of the time exposed to the cannon and musketry of the enemy.

Just before the rout of the enemy, the Eighteenth and Eighth Illinois regiments were ordered to charge upon and take a battery of two guns that had been greatly annoying and damaging our forces. They advanced at a charge bayonets, took the guns, killing nearly all the horses and men, and brought the guns off the field.

The enemy having retreated, and there being no further need of the regiments under my command in the field, Col. Tuttle ordered me to return with my regiments, the Eighth and Eighteenth Illinois and the Thirteenth Iowa Volunteers, together with the guns captured, to our encampment, which we had left Sunday morning. This we did, arriving at camp at eight o'clock P. M., of Monday. During the day our loss was small, the principal loss of the brigade having occurred in the action of the sixth instant. The entire loss of the brigade in the action during the two days engagement was, killed, ninety-two; wounded, four hundred and sixty-seven; missing, eighteen; total

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April 8th, 1862 AD (1)
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