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[384] also on the first day, which will deprive the army of his valuable services for some time.

Brigadier-Gen. Hindman, engaged in the outset of the battle, was conspicuous for a cool courage, efficiently employed in leading his men ever into the thickest of the fray, until his horse was shot under him, and he was unfortunately so severely injured by the fall that the army was deprived, on the following day, of his chivalrous example.

Brigadier-Generals B. R. Johnson and Bowen, most meritorious officers, were also severely wounded in the first combat; but it is hoped will soon be able to return to duty with their brigades.

To mention the many field-officers who died or were wounded while gallantly leading their commands into action, and the many brilliant instances of individual courage displayed by officers and men in the twenty hours of battle, is impossible at this time; but their names will be duly made known to their countrymen.

From this agreeable duty I turn to one in the highest degree unpleasant--one due, however, to the brave men under me, as a contrast to the behavior of most of the army who fought so heroically. I allude to the fact that some officers, noncommissioned officers and men, abandoned their colors early in the first day to pillage the captured encampments; others retired shamefully from the field on both days, while the thunder of cannon and the roar and rattle of musketry told them that their brothers were being slaughtered by the fresh legions of the enemy. I have ordered the names of the most conspicuous upon this roll of laggards and cowards to be published in orders.

It remains to state that our loss in the two days in the killed outright was one thousand seven hundred and twenty-eight; wounded, eight thousand and twelve; missing, nine hundred and fifty-nine,--making an aggregate of casualties of ten thousand six hundred and ninety-nine.

This sad list tells in simple language of the stout fight made by our countrymen in front of the rude log chapel at Shiloh, especially when it is known that on Monday, from exhaustion and other causes, not twenty thousand men on our side could be brought into action.

Of the losses of the enemy I have no exact knowledge. Their newspapers report it as very heavy. Unquestionably it was greater, even in proportion, than our own, on both days; for it was apparent to all that their dead left on the field outnumbered ours two to one.

Their casualties, therefore, cannot have fallen many short of twenty thousand killed, wounded, prisoners and missing.

Through information derived from many sources — including the newspapers of the enemy — we engaged on Sunday the divisions of Gens. Prentiss, Sherman, Hurlbut, McClernand and Smith, of nine thousand men each, or at least forty-five thousand men. This force was reenforced on Sunday night by the divisions of Gens. Nelson, McCook, Crittenden and Thomas, of Major-Gen. Buell's army, some twenty-five thousand strong, including all arms; also Gen. L. Wallace's division of Gen. Grant's army,--making at least thirty-three thousand fresh troops, which, added to the remnant of Gen. Grant's forces on Monday morning, amounting to over twenty thousand, made an aggregate force of some fifty-three thousand men at least arrayed against us on that day.

In connection with the results of the battle, I should state that the most of our men who had inferior arms exchanged them for the improved arms of the enemy. Also, that most of the property, public and personal, in the camp from which the enemy was driven on Sunday, was rendered useless or greatly damaged, except some of the tents.

I have the honor to be, General,

Your obedient servant,

G. T. Beauregard, General Commanding. To General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General C. S. A., Richmond, Va.


Beauregard's order before the battle.

headquarters army of the Mississippi, Jackson, Tenn., March 14, 1862.
1. Field and company officers are specially enjoined to instruct their men, under all circumstances, to fire with deliberation at the feet of the enemy. They will thus avoid over-shooting, and besides, wounded men give more trouble to our adversary than dead, as they have to be taken from the field.

2. Officers in command must be cool and collected; hold their men in hand in action, and caution them against useless, aimless firing. The men must be instructed and required each one to single out his mark. It was the deliberate sharpshooting of our forefathers in the Revolution of 1776, and New-Orleans, in 1815, which made them so formidable against the odds with which they were engaged.

3. In the beginning of a battle, except by troops deployed as skirmishers, the fire by file will be avoided. It excites the men, and renders their subsequent control difficult. Fire by wing or company should be resorted to instead. During the battle the officers and non-commissioned officers must keep their men in the ranks, enforce obedience, and encourage and stimulate them if necessary.

4. Soldiers must not be permitted to leave the ranks, even to assist in removing our own dead, unless by special permission, which shall only be given when the action has been decided. The surest way to protect the wounded is to drive the enemy from the field. The most pressing, highest duty is to win the victory.

5. Before the battle, the quartermaster of the division will make all necessary arrangements for the immediate transportation of the wounded from the field. After consultation with the medical officers, he will establish the ambulancedepot in the rear, and give his assistants the necessary instructions for efficient service of the wagons and other means of transportation.


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