rebel retreat — then pursuit, recall, and encampment on the old grounds of Sherman's division, in the very tents from which those regiments were driven that hapless Sunday morning. The camps were regained. The rebels were repulsed. Their attack had failed. We stood where we began. Rebel cavalry were within half a mile of us. The retreating columns were within striking distance. But we had regained our camps. And so ended the battle of Pittsburgh Landing.
The killed and wounded.I do not pretend to give more than an estimate; but I have made the estimate with some care, going to the adjutants of different regiments that had been in as heavy fighting as any — getting statements of their losses, sure to be very nearly if not quite accurate, and approximating thus from the loss of a dozen regiments to the probable loss of all. I have ridden over the grounds, too — have seen the dead and wounded lying over the field — have noted the numbers in the hospitals and on the boats. As the result of it all, I do not believe our loss in killed and wounded will number over five thousand The question of prisoners is another matter.
The numbers engaged.The best opinions of the strength with which the rebels attacked us place their numbers at sixty thousand. They may have been reinforced five to ten thousand Sunday night. Grant had scarcely forty thousand effective men on Sunday. Of these, half a dozen regiments were utterly raw — had scarcely had their guns long enough to know how to handle them. Some were supplied with weapons on their way up. Buell crossed three divisions that took part in the action — Nelson's, Crittenden's, and McCook's. They numbered say twenty thousand--a liberal estimate. Lew Wallace came up on Monday, with say seven thousand more. That gives us, counting the Sunday men as all effective again, sixty-seven thousand on Monday, on our side, against sixty to seventy thousand rebels. It was not numbers that gained us the day, it was fighting. All honor to our Northern soldiers for it.
Gen. Hurlbut's report.
headquarters Fourth division, army of West-Tennessee, April 12, 1862.sir: I have the honor to report, in brief, the part taken by my division in the battle of the sixth and seventh April. On Sunday morning, April sixth, about half-past 7 A. M., I received a message from Brig.-Gen. Sherman, that he was attacked in force, and heavily upon his left. I immediately ordered Col. J. C. Veatch, commanding the Second brigade, to proceed to the left of Gen. Sherman. This brigade, consisting of the Twenty-fifth Indiana, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Forty-sixth Illinois, was in march in ten minutes, arrived on Gen. Sherman's line rapidly, and went into action. I must refer to Col. Veatch's report for the particulars of that day. Receiving in a few moments a pressing request for aid from Brig.-Gen. Prentiss, I took command in person of the First and Third brigades, respectively commanded by Col. N. G. Williams, of the Third Iowa, and Brig.-Gen. J. G. Laumann. The First brigade consisted of the Third Iowa, Forty-first Illinois, Twenty-eighth Illinois, and Thirty-second Illinois. The Third brigade, of the Thirty-first Indiana, Forty-fourth Indiana, Seventeenth Kentucky, and Twenty-fifth Kentucky. In addition, I took with me the first and second battalions of the Fifth Ohio cavalry; Mann's light battery, four pieces, commanded by First Lieut. E. Brotzmann; Ross's battery, Second Michigan, and Meyer's battery, Thirteenth Ohio. As we drew near the rear and left of Gen. Prentiss's line, his regiments, in broken masses, drifted through my advance, that gallant officer making every effort to rally them. I formed my line of battle — the First brigade thrown to the front on the southerly side of a large open field — the Third brigade continuing the line with an obtuse angle around the other side of the field, and extending some distance into the brush and timber. Mann's battery was placed in the angle of the lines, Ross's battery some distance to the left, and the Thirteenth Ohio battery on the right and somewhat advanced in cover of the timber, so as to concentrate the fire upon the open ground in front, and waited for the attack. A single shot from the enemy's batteries struck in Meyer's Thirteenth Ohio battery, when officers and men, with a common impulse of disgraceful cowardice, abandoned the entire battery — horses, caissons, and guns — and fled, and I saw them no more until Tuesday. I called for volunteers from the artillery, the call was answered, and ten gallant men from Mann's battery and Ross's battery brought in the horses, which were wild, and spiked the guns. The attack commenced on the Third brigade through the thick timber, and was met and repelled by a steady and continuous fire, which rolled the enemy back in confusion after some half-hour of struggle, leaving many dead and wounded. The glimmer of bayonets on the left and front of the First brigade showed a large force of the enemy gathering, and an attack was soon made on the Forty-first Illinois and Twenty-eighth, on the left of the brigade, and the Thirty-second Illinois and Third Iowa on the right. At the same time a strong force of very steady and gallant troops formed in columns, doubled on the centre, and advanced over the open field in front. They were allowed to approach within four hundred yards when fire was opened from Mann's and Ross's batteries, and from the two right regiments of the First brigade, and Seventeenth and Twenty-fifth Kentucky, which were thrown for-ward slightly, so as to flank the column. Under
Capt. John A. Rawlins, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Capt. John A. Rawlins, Assistant Adjutant-General: