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[402] wing was driven in. The Second brigade fell back toward the river, and was soon followed by the First and Third, and reunited at the heavy guns. This closes the history of Sunday's battle, so far as this division is concerned.

On Monday, about eight o'clock A. M., my division was formed in line close to the river-bank, and I obtained a few crackers for my men. About nine A. M., I was ordered by Gen. Grant to move up to the support of Gen. McClernand, then engaged near his own camp with the First brigade and Mann's battery. I moved forward under the direction of Captain Rowley, Aid-de-Camp, and formed line on the left of Gen. McClernand, with whom that brigade and battery remained during the entire day, taking their full share of the varied fortunes of that division in the gallant charges and the desperate resistance which checkered the field. I am under great obligations to Gen. McClernand for the honorable mention he has personally given to my troops, and have no doubt that his official report shows the same, and as they fought under his immediate eye, and as he was in chief command, I leave this to him.

The Second and Third brigades went into action elsewhere, and again I am compelled to refer to the reports of their immediate commanders, only saying the Second brigade led the charge ordered by Gen. Grant, until recalled by Major-Gen. Buell, and that the Third brigade wa's deeply and fiercely engaged on the right of Gen. McClernand, successfully stopping a movement to flank his right, and holding their ground until the firing ceased. About one o'clock of that day, (Monday,) Gen. McCook having closed up with Gen. McClernand, and the enemy demonstrating in great force on the left, I went, by the request of Gen. McClernand, to the rear of his line, to bring up fresh troops, and was engaged in pressing them forward until the steady advance of Gen. Buell on the extreme left, the firmness of the centre, and the closing in from the right of Generals Sherman and Wallace determined the success of the day, when I called in my exhausted brigades, and led them to their camps. The ground was such on Sunday that I was unable to use cavalry. Col. Taylor's Fifth Ohio cavalry was drawn up in order of battle until near one o'clock, in the hope that some opening might offer for the use of this arm. None appearing, I ordered the command withdrawn from the reach of shot.

They were not in action again until the afternoon of Monday, when they were ordered to the front, but returned to their camps. Their subsequent conduct will be no doubt reported by the officer who conducted the special expedition of which they made part. On Sunday the cavalry lost one man killed, six wounded, and eight horses before they were withdrawn. The greater portion of Ross's battery was captured on Sunday in the ravine near my camp.

For the officers and men of my division I am at a loss for proper words to express my appreciation of their courage and steadiness; where all did their duty so well, I fear to do injustice by specially naming any. The fearful list of killed and wounded officers in my division shows the amount of exposure which they met, while the returns of loss among the privates who fell, unnamed, but heroic, without the hope of special mention, shows distinctly that the rank and file were animated by a true devotion and as firm a courage as their officers.

Col. Williams, Third Iowa, commanding First brigade, was disabled early in the action of Sunday, by a cannon-shot, which killed his horse and paralyzed him, from which he has not yet fully recovered. The command of the brigade devolved on Col. Pugh of the Forty-first Illinois, who led it steadily and well through the entire battle. Col. Pugh desires special mention to be made of Lieut. F. Sessions of Third Iowa, A. A. A. General. My own observations confirm his report, and I recommend Lieut. Sessions to the favorable consideration of the department.

Col. A. K. Johnston, Twenty-eighth Illinois, was under my own eye during both days. I bear willing testimony to the perfect coolness and thorough handling of his regiment throughout the whole time, and to the fact that his regiment halted as a rear-guard on Sunday afternoon, during the retreat, by his personal order, and reported to me for orders before he closed into line.

Col. Logan, of the Thirty-second, was severely wounded on Sunday; the Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty-first fell about the same time, both in discharge of duty.

So great were the casualties among the officers, that the Third Iowa went into action on Monday in command of a First Lieutenant.

To Col. Veatch, commanding Second brigade, my thanks are due for the skill with which he handled his brigade on detached duty, and I refer to his report for the conduct and special notice of his officers. The Government, as I am informed, has recognised his former services by promotion; if not, he has won it now.

Brig.-Gen. J. G. Lauman, commanding Third brigade, took command only the day before the battle. The brigade and their commander know each other now. I saw him hold the right of my line Sunday, with this small body of gallant men, only one thousand seven hundred and seventeen strong, for three hours, and then when changed over to the left, repel the attack of twice his force for a full hour of terrible fighting, closing by the most gallant and successful charge, which gave him time to draw off his force in order, and in comparative safety. His report renders full justice to his officers, among whom Col. Reed of the Forty-fourth Indiana was especially distinguished.

My own thanks have been personally tendered on the field of battle to First Lieutenant E. Brotz mann, commanding Morris's battery, and to this command. This battery fought both days under my personal inspection. It was always ready, effective in execution, changing position promptly when required, and officers, men, and horses steady in action.

Having lost our piece on Sunday, it was easy to distinguish the fire of this battery throughout


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