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[406] W. H. L. Wallace, and formed line on the left of his division. We had been in line but a few moments when the enemy made their appearance and attacked my left wing, (Twelfth and Fourteenth Iowa,) who gallantly stood their ground, and compelled the assailants to retire in confusion. They again formed under cover of a battery, and renewed the attack upon my whole line, but were repulsed as before. A third and fourth time they dashed upon us, but were each time baffled and completely routed. We held our position about six hours, when it became evident that our forces on each side of us had given way, so as to give the enemy an opportunity of turning both our flanks. At this critical juncture Gen. Wallace gave orders for my whole brigade to fall back, which was done in good order. The Second and Seventh regiments retired through a severe fire from both flanks and re-formed, while the Twelfth and Fourteenth, who were delayed by their endeavors to save a battery which had been placed in their rear, were completely cut off and surrounded, was and were compelled to surrender.

In passing through the cross-fire Gen. Wallace fell mortally wounded, and as you were reported wounded, and Capt. McMichael informing me that I was the ranking officer, I assumed command of the division, and rallied what was left of my brigade, and was joined by the Thirteenth Iowa, Col. Crocker; Ninth Illinois, Col. Mersey; Twelfth Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Chottain, and several other fragments of regiments, and formed in line on the road, and held the enemy in check until the line was formed that resisted the last charge just before dark of that day. On Monday morning I collected all of the division that could be found, and such other detached regiments as volunteered to join me, and formed them in column by battalion, closed in mass, as a reserve for Gen. Buell, and followed up his attack until we arrived near the position we had occupied on Sunday, where I deployed into line, in rear of his forces, and held my command subject to his orders. The Second Iowa and Second Illinois were called on at one time. The Second was sent to Gen. Nelson's division, and was ordered by him to charge bayonets across a field on the enemy, who were in the woods beyond; which they did in the most gallant manner, the enemy giving way before they reached them. The Seventh Iowa, under orders from Gen. Crittenden, charged and captured one of the enemy's batteries, while the Thirteenth Iowa rendered Gen. McCook valuable service near the close of the engagement.

On Tuesday, the eighth, when our forces were again called to arms, I called on the Second division, and all obeyed the call with alacrity except Col. Crafts J. Wright, of the Thirteenth Missouri, who refused to obey orders, and did not make his appearance during the day. The division remained on the field all day, and were ordered to return to camp after dark.

The officers and men under my command behaved nobly and gallantly during the whole time, with the exception above named. The officers deserving special mention in this report are so numerous that I will confine myself to field-officers alone. Lieut.-Col. Baker, of the Second Iowa; Lieut.-Col. Parrott and Major Rice, of the Seventh Iowa; Col. Woods, Twelfth Iowa; Col. Shaw and Lieut.-Col. Lucas, of the Fourteenth Iowa, particularly distinguished themselves for bravery and ability on the field. Col. Crocker, of the Thirteenth Iowa, although not belonging to my command originally, was attached to it on Sunday evening, and remained with my division until Monday evening. He proved himself to have all the qualities of a good and efficient officer, and was prompt to duty when the enemy was to be met.

Col. Mersey, Ninth Illinois, also proved himself a brave and efficient officer. Col. Morton, commanding Second brigade, and Colonel Baldwin, Third brigade, on the last day, turned out their brigades promptly, and marched in column to the outposts. Col. Wood, of the Twelfth Iowa, thrice wounded, and when the enemy was driven back on Monday, he was recaptured, and is now here unfit for duty.

Appended I send you a list of the casualties of the brigade, only as others will report directly to you.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. M. Tuttle, Colonel Commanding First Brigade, Second Division.

The casualties in the brigade are as follows: killed, thirty-six; wounded, one hundred and seventy-one; missing, six hundred and sixty-six.


Gen. Sherman's report

headquarters Fifth division, camp Shiloh, April 10, 1862.
Capt. J. A. Rawlins, Assist. Adjt.-Gen. to Gen. Grant:
sir: I had the honor to report that on Friday, the fourth inst., the enemy's cavalry drove in our pickets, posted about a mile and a half in advance of my centre, on the main Corinth road, capturing one first lieutenant and seven men; that I caused a pursuit by the cavalry of my division, driving them back about five miles, and killing many. On Saturday, the enemy's cavalry was again very bold, coming well down to our front; yet I did not believe he designed anything but a strong demonstration. On Sunday morning early, the sixth instant, the enemy drove our advance-guard back on the main body, when I ordered under arms all my division, and sent word to Gen. McClernand, asking him to support my left; to Gen. Prentiss, giving him notice that the enemy was in our front in force, and to Gen. Hurlbut, asking him to support Gen. Prentiss. At this time, seven A. M., my division was arranged as follows:

First brigade, composed of the Sixth Iowa, Col. J. A. McDowell; Fortieth Illinois, Colonel Hicks; Forty-sixth Ohio, Col. Worthington; and the Morton battery, Capt. Behr, on the extreme


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