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[452] not exceeding thirty minutes from delivery for your answer.

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,

David Hunter, Major-General Commanding.

reply.

headquarters, Fort Pulaski, April 10, 1862.
Major-General David Hunter, Commanding on Tybee Island:
sir: I have to acknowledge receipt of your communication of this date, demanding the unconditional surrender of Fort Pulaski.

In reply I can only say that I am here to defend the Fort, not to surrender it.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Chas. H. Olmstead, Colonel First Volunteer Regiment of Georgia, Commanding Post.


General Hunter's despatch.

We opened our batteries on Fort Pulaski on the morning of the tenth inst. After thirty hours continuous firing a practicable breach was made, and preparations for storming were about to commence, when the rebel flag was struck.

We have captured forty-seven guns, seven thousand shot and shell, forty thousand pounds of powder, three hundred and sixty prisoners, with their small arms and accoutrements, and a good supply of provisions. One of our men was killed; none wounded.



Report of Major-General Hunter.

headquarters Department of the South, Fort Pulaski, Cockspur Island, Ga., April 13, 1862.
Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of Washington:
sir: The flag of our country waves over Fort Pulaski. I summoned the garrison to surrender, at sunrise, on the morning of the tenth inst. Immediately on receiving their refusal, at eight A. M., we opened fire, the bombardment continuing without intermission for thirty hours. At the end of eighteen hours firing, the Fort was breached in the south-east angle, and at the moment of surrender, two o'clock P. M., on the eleventh inst., we had commenced preparations for storming.

The whole armament of the Fort, forty-seven guns, a great supply of fixed ammunition, forty thousand pounds of powder, and large quantities of commissary stores, have fallen into our hands; also three hundred and sixty prisoners, of whom the officers will be sent North by the first opportunity that offers.

The result of this bombardment must cause, I am convinced, a change in the construction of fortifications as radical as that foreshadowed in naval architecture by the conflict between the Monitor and Merrimac. No works of stone or brick can resist the impact of rifled artillery of heavy calibre.

Too much praise cannot be given to Captain Q. A. Gilmore, United States Engineers, (Acting Brigadier-General,) the officer immediately in charge of our works on Tybee Island, for his industry, skill, and patriotic zeal. Great credit is also due to his assistants, Lieut. J. H. Wilson, United States Topographical Engineers, and Lieut. Horace Porter, of the Ordnance Department. I have also to gratefully acknowledge the services of Capt. C. R. P. Rodgers, United States Navy, who, with one hundred of his men, from the Wabash, under the command of Lieut. Irwin, did nobly at the guns.

Our gallant volunteers, under the scientific direction of Capt. Gilmore, displayed admirable energy and perseverance in the construction of the earthworks on Tybee Island; and nothing could be finer or more impressive than the steadiness, activity, skill and courage with which they worked their guns in battery.

When I receive the reports of the officers more immediately in command, Brig.-Gen. H. W. Benham, and Acting Brig.-Gen. Gilmore, a statement more in detail will be immediately forwarded; but I cannot close without expressing my thanks to both these officers, and the hope that Acting Brig.-Gen. Gilmore may be confirmed in the position of Brigadier-General, to which, in this bombardment, he has established such deserving claims.

I am happy to state that our loss was but one man killed, the earthworks of our batteries affording secure protection against the heaviest fire of the enemy. The loss of the enemy has been stated as three severely wounded. I have the honor to be, sir, most respectfully, your very obedient servant,

David Hunter, Major-General Commanding Department of the South.


Report of Brigadier-General Benham.

headquarters First division, Northern District, Department of the South, Fort Pulaski, Cockspur Island, Ga., April 12, 1862.
To Major-Gen. David Hunter, Commanding De partment of the South:
sir: I have the honor to report the conclusion of the operations of the siege of Fort Pulaski, in Savannah River, Ga., which have resulted in the capture of that fortress and its armament, and the unconditional surrender of the effective force of the garrison, amounting to three hundred and sixty-one, of whom twenty-four were officers, besides about eighteen who were sick or wounded.

This siege is, as I would remark, the first trial, at least on our side the Atlantic, of the modern heavy and rifled projectiles against forts erected and supposed to be sufficiently strong, prior to these inventions, almost equalling, as it would appear, the revolution accomplished in naval warfare by the iron-clad vessels recently constructed.

These operations, with the cordial assistance and cooperation of the naval forces, under Flag-Officer S. F. Du Pont, have been accomplished by a portion of the troops of my division, for the most part under the immediate direction of Capt. Q. A. Gilmore, Corps of Engineers, Acting Brig.-General, and Chief Engineer of the siege, to whose report, a copy of which is respectfully forwarded


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